Chemical antiseptic substances

There is a huge amount of disinfectants, however, most of them in varying degrees, has a damaging effect on tissue wound surface. Therefore, the application of these solutions must be reasonable, taking into account their harmful influence and witnesses.
The hydrogen peroxide solution (Sol. hydrogenii peroxydi diluta) is a colourless liquid is weak disinfectant possesses good deodorant (destroying smell) action. Apply hydrogen peroxide in the form of a 3% solution: when touching hydrogen peroxide in the wound with pus and blood, a large amount of oxygen, it produces foam, which cleans the wound from pus, remnants of dead tissue. The solution of hydrogen peroxide is widely used for soaking dried bandages, dressings.
Potassium permanganate (Kalii permanganas) - the crystals of dark-violet color, easily soluble in water. The solution has weak disinfecting and deodorizing effect. For treatment of purulent wounds using 0.1-0.5% solutions; as a tanning agent in burns; ulcers, bedsores - 5% solutions.
Boric acid (Acidum boricum) - the white crystalline powder, soluble in water. Applied in the form of 2% solution for washing of mucous membranes, wounds, cavities.
Iodine alcohol solution (Tinctura jodi) (tincture of iodine). Used for disinfection of the surgical field and hand surgery, for disinfection of skin wounds, lubrication of abrasions and scratches.
Yodonat (Iidonatum) - dark-brown liquid with mild odor of iodine. Easily mixed with water. Applied in the form of 1 % solution for processing operating fields and in urgent cases - for treatment of HAND.
The iodoform (Iodoformium) is produced in powder form; it can be made ointments or emulsion. Is used for treatment of purulent wounds.
Chloramine B (Chloraminum) - white or slightly yellow crystalline powder with a characteristic smell of chlorine, easily soluble in water, has antiseptic and deodorizing effect. For washing putrid RAS use 1-2% solution, for disinfection of hands, gloves, tools - 0,25-0,5% solution. Store solution you need in a dark vessel. When storing the product in solution in a few days decomposes and loses its antiseptic properties.
Mercury dichloride (mercuric chloride) (Hydrargyri dichloridum) - Duhlata mercury, heavy white powder, soluble in water. Solutions of mercuric chloride is used in a dilution of 1 : 1000. The sublimate-strongest poison, easily absorbed, even through intact skin, causing a fatal poisoning. Therefore it should be stored in locked cabinets with a label that clearly indicates that it is a poison. Use mercuric chloride mainly for disinfection of objects of care of infectious patients, gloves.
DIACID (Diocidum) - mercury-containing antiseptics, two-component composition, which by a special technique prepare a solution that has a high bactericidal action. Used for the treatment of hands in a dilution of 1 : 5000. Most often used for sterilization of plastic products and tools in a dilution of 1 : 1000.
Colloid (Collargolum)-colloidal silver, soluble in water (colloidal solution). The solution is dark-brown or red-brown, has antibacterial, astringent and prijigatm action. For douches, enemas, washing eyes, nasal cavity using 0.2-1% solution, cautery - 5-10% solution.
Silver nitrate (Argenti nitras), or lapis, is a strong antiseptic, has cauterizing and anti-inflammatory action. Weak solutions of silver nitrate (1 :3000) is used for washing cavity bladder, 10-30% solutions - for burning of wound granulations and other
Ethyl alcohol (Spiritus aethylicus) - a colourless liquid with a characteristic smell, used in the form 70% and 96% solutions for disinfection of cutting tools (scalpel, scissors and other), suture materials (silk), operating margins, disinfect and tanned hands of the surgeon and the skin around the wounds.
The bactericidal action of alcohol increases dramatically when you add it thymol and aniline dyes. Alcohol solution thymol (1 : 1000) - the effective antiseptic drug is effective in 30 times higher than 3% solution of carbolic acid, but does not have its negative properties (sharp smell, irritating, and so on).
The solution is brilliant green (Viride nitens). Use alcohol 1 % solution for sterilization of instruments, lubricate the skin when pustular lesions, abrasions and scratches.
The solution of methylene blue (Methylenum coeruleum). Alcohol 2% solution applied in the treatment of burns, water 0.02% solution is to wash cavities.
Degen (Degminium) - derivative of high molecular weight alcohols and hexamethyleneimine, easily soluble in water, has significant bactericidal action, apply 1% solution for processing and hand surgical field.
Etakrydina lactate (Aethacridini lactas), or rivanol, - crystalline powder of yellow colour, little soluble in cold water, easier - to hot. To wash cavities and purulent wounds used 0.05% solution.
The furatsilina (Furacilinum) - crystalline powder of yellow colour, very little is soluble in water, is a good antiseptic effect at the most pyogenic bacteria. Used in breeding 1 :5000 for washing wounds, cavities, and burn surfaces, bedsores.
Ammonia solution (Sol. Ammonii caustici), or ammonia, is a clear liquid with a pungent smell, easily soluble in water. For hand washing, processing of contaminated wounds and operating margins using 0.5% solution.
Sulfanilamida. Among antiseptic substances special position occupied by the drugs of sulfa number. Having a good bacteriological effect (delay the growth and multiplication of germs), almost no harmful effects on the human body. These properties allow the widespread use them to fight the infection.
Of the drugs of this group is the most widely streptocide, norsulfazol, etazol, sulfadimezin, sulgin, ftalazol, resultan. To prevent infection in the wound sulfanilamida entering through the mouth, but they can be applied topically in the form of powders, emulsions and ointments. Created sulfanilamida intravenous (norsulfazol), and preparations with extended period of validity - sulfadimetoksin (magibon). Sulfanilamida provide reliable disinfection of wounds, without interfering with its healing.