Chemical weapons

Chemical weapons are toxic substances and means of combat, consisting on arms of armies of the imperialist countries. International Geneva Convention of 1925, which was joined by more than 60 States, including the Soviet Union, recognized chemical weapons prohibited by means of armed struggle. However, some of the capitalist state refused to recognize this decision. The Soviet Union has consistently pursued the struggle for the prohibition of chemical weapons.
Chemical weapons has a number of features that significantly distinguishes it from other types of weapons of mass destruction. It does not destroy the material values, capable of hitting people not only in the open, but in different unpackaged shelters; damaging action of toxic substances (S) may be stored on the infected areas from a few minutes up to several months; the manifestation of toxic action of different types S the person is also observed in a wide range (tens of seconds to the clock). Mass destruction of people is achieved by sudden massive use of chemical weapons.
Means of application of S can be a missile, rocket and artillery shells, aerial bombs, mines, different types of aircraft and other vylivanie devices, grenades and others In the time of combat application S can be droplet liquid, aerosol and vapor, gaseous state. This depends on the properties of S and purpose in their combat use. V-gas and mustard gas can be used in aerosol and liquid droplet form for the defeat of the personnel through the skin, infection of military equipment, material resources, water, food and location. Sarin, phosgene, hydrogen cyanide are intended primarily for the slaughter of the people through the respiratory system by infecting air.
The nature and gravity of damage depends on many factors: physical-chemical and toxic properties LP; ways of revenues poison, conditions of occurrence of the lesions (especially the condition of the human body at the moment of defeat, the weather conditions, the degree of preparedness of personnel to use means of protection and medical remedies, timely notification of the personnel of the attack and others). One of the most important properties of S is their toxicity (poison). The degree of toxicity of the various S not the same. S capable in very low concentrations and for short duration to cause lesions, called highly toxic (sarin, V-gases). There are fatal and non-fatal doses of liquid droplet S. They are expressed in milligrams per kilogram of body weight, or in milligrams per square centimeter of the surface of the skin. When exposed to vapors and aerosols S degree defeat of the person mainly depends on the size of toxic dose (toxology), which is defined as the product of the concentration of S in the air (in milligrams per litre) during the stay of a person without means of protection in contaminated air (exposure time in minutes). S can be absorbed through the respiratory organs, external cover (skin and mucous membranes eye), through the wound and burn the surface, through the gastrointestinal tract (together with water and food).

  • Classification S
  • S nerve
  • S General toxic action
  • S suffocating actions
  • S skin blister agent actions
  • S irritants
  • S psychotomimetics actions