Plastic surgery face

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The peculiarity of surgical treatment method ("surgery" in Greek means "rukodelie") is that the doctor with a knife-knife to remove the lesion to prevent harmful influence on the surrounding tissues and the organism as a whole. When life-threatening diseases such as malignant tumor or gangrene, the removal of the affected organ justified, as in these cases, the aim is to save the patient's life. However, saving a life is sometimes achieved with a price: after surgery, the person to a greater or lesser extent, loses ability to work.
Dream of surgeons of many generations remained such an operation, which will not only save life of a patient, but also will restore the lost body, returning a person to work, would save him from physical disability.
Achievements of the world of medical science in the study of physiology of the human body, especially in the presence of a pathological process, was the theoretical basis for the solution of these problems. The invaluable contribution of the giants of domestic medical science in the development of the most important, fundamental issues of theory and practice of medicine. Genialny Russian surgeon N. I. Pirogov created a school which defined a new direction in surgery. He and his disciples gave great importance to the functional results of operations, improving the efficiency of the operated organ.
The struggle for the preservation of the functions of the body after surgery was the main content of surgical science in the XIX century. In this period surgeons paid great attention to the elimination of various injuries, which has increased dramatically with the development of the capitalist mode of production. In addition, bloody war is the product of capitalism - not only took hundreds of thousands of lives and left thousands invalids, maimed physically and morally devastated. The treatment of those suffering entirely on the shoulders of surgeons.
In special hospitals, created for the treatment of injuries and their consequences, was developed methods for recovery operations, was born reconstructive surgery, now turned into an independent medical specialty.
To this period of surgical science has accumulated a wide experience of treatment of diseases of various systems of the human body. Have any sections of the so-called "minor surgery", studying the ways of elimination of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, as well as the tooth-jaw system and surrounding soft tissues.
A comprehensive study of the peculiarities of treatment of severe injuries and diseases of the face and jaws created prerequisites for the selection of oral and maxillofacial surgery as an independent scientific branch of medical knowledge.
Difficult tasks faced by doctors this specialty. Here, like in no other field of surgery, has affected the inferiority of the old methods of operations, when all of the treatment was to remove a diseased or damaged organ.
Before the first world war restorative operations on the face able to do only a few highly skilled surgeons, and the number of such operations was relatively small.
When Russia in 1914 entered the war, there were thousands wounded by injuries to the face and jaws.
Medical service in the Royal army was so unprepared to assist those wounded at the front and a further treatment in the rear, that the wounded in the face, not even taken off the battle field.