Hromomikoz

Hromomikoz is deep mycosis. The disease is caused by the fungus Hormodendrum pedrosoi - vegetates on plants. At the penetration of fungus in the damaged skin (usually the lower limbs) appear reddish papules, later infiltration within which can cause ulceration, accumulation of the cortical-scales, papillomatos-warty growths dirty-gray color. Distribution - lymphogenous, rarely hematogenous. Diagnostic value has detection of the dispute in the scales and the tissue section.
Treatment - introduction of amphotericin B in the vein and into the pockets of chromomycosis, inside - iodide potassium, vitamin D (by prescription).
The disease long, you dispensary supervision.

Hromomikoz (chromomycosis; from the Greek. chroma - color, color and mykes - fungus; synonymous with the hromoblastomikoza) - chronic deep mycosis caused by fungi of the family Dematiacea, kind Hormodendrum and Phialophora, kind Phialophora verrucosa, Fonsecacea, Pedrosoi, Fonsecacea compactum. It mainly affects the skin. Distributed mainly in tropical countries.
Penetrates the infection from the environment (rotting wood, leaf)is set to injury, opening the gate for the infection and conducive to the spread of hromomikoz. The infection from a sick person and animals is not installed.
From solitary nodule, slowly formed papillomatos-verrucose foci (sometimes passing in papillomatos-ulcer), knots and bumps that resemble lypamy; described limphangit, metastases: skin, brain, lungs, the brain, lymph nodes, brain, lesions in the small bones. Close to Gorodenka Cladosporium trichoides selectively affects the brain (abscesses, meningoencephalitis).
Histopathological changes hromomikoz developing on the infectious granulomas with characteristic microabscesses; there are also giant cells, faguoqitirute elements of the fungus, surrounded epitelialna cells.
Treatment: best results are intranidus introduction amphotericin B; iodine preparations and vitamin D2. With limited chromomycosis - surgical excision.