The hyperkinesia

The hyperkinesia - excessive involuntary movements, developing and organic diseases of the Central nervous system.
The hyperkinesia can be localized (hyperkinesia brush, fingers, facial muscles) and generalized (giperkineza, covering all the body); unilateral or bilateral; rhythmic (tremor in Parkinson's disease) or irregular (chorea, atetoz); clonic (mioclauniei and others) or tonic (torsion spasm and others); can be combined with other paroxysmal symptoms. The hyperkinesia may be permanent or may occur in the form of attacks; may increase or, on the contrary disappear when the movements during sleep. Depending on the location of the lesion of the Central nervous system and the nature of hyperkinesia, there are different forms: khorey (see) atetoz (see), torsion a dystopia (see), tremor (see), TEC (see), various convulsions (see). To hyperkinesia include also the mioclauniei, which is fast asynchronous clonic contractions of the muscles or bundle of muscles, not leading to displacement of the limbs. There are localized mioclonii soft palate, uvula, and common mioclonii.
Treatment. When hyperkinesia use products that reduce the sensitivity to chemical transmitter nervous excitement (acetylcholine) in the field holinoreaguykh systems (trihexyphenidyl 0,002 g 2 times a day). Patients with Parkinson's disease and torsion dystonia produce neurosurgical operations.