the hypothalamusthe Hypothalamus (synonym hypothalamic region) - Department of the intermediate brain (diencephalon), located down from the visual of the hill and represents the accumulation of vegetative nerve cells. The hypothalamus is involved in the regulation of the most important functions of the organism: sleep and wakefulness; emotional manifestations; vegetative-vascular functions (regulation of blood pressure, vascular tone, cardiac activity); thermoregulation; the functions of the endocrine glands;
metabolism (water, carbohydrate, fat, minerals). The hypothalamus carries out complex processes of assimilation and inhibition involved in the regulation of ionic environment of the body.
With the defeat of the hypothalamus (a tumor, inflammatory diseases) are violated all of these processes: increased blood pressure, may develop obesity, to appear swelling, increased permeability of vascular walls, formed hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membranes, there are sudden painful condition, with loss and without loss of consciousness, subcortical epilepsy (see), narcolepsy (see), vegetative-visceral (or diencephalic) crises (see) with anginal pain in the heart, gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by a feeling of hunger, thirst, increased frequency of urination. Patients with such disorders should be sent to a neurologist.
Treatment of the underlying disease. Symptomatically appointed drugs bromine, calcium, diphenhydramine, vitamins.