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Peculiarities of identification of the corpses of unknown persons

In recent years, developed the method of correlation of mathematical analysis to match photos of the head and skull body of the unknown person, that objectify the results of the regular fotonovosti.
In these medical documents contain information that can also be used to identify: data on height, weight, body shape, write about the peculiarities of the dental system and its treatment, the actual information about previous diseases, trauma, surgery, prosthetics; data obstetric-gynecological history (former pregnancies, childbirth, abortion, the size of the pelvis and other); the results of x-ray, endoscopic, histopathological examinations, write about the definition of group properties of blood.
The greatest value to identify are those in which the individual peculiarities of organism and which can be compared with the data obtained by forensic medical study of the corpse of the unknown man.
In forensic medicine also uses the identification of the individual research bones. Bone system has sex, age, race (the skull), and some individual features and changes resulting from injuries and diseases. This allows you to use the bone the system as a whole and separately bones for personal identification (see also Chapter 13).
During the forensic examination of bones can be delivered the following questions.
1. Someone (human or animal) belong to the bone or a bone?
2. Belong whether the bones of one or more skeletons?
3. What are gender, age, growth of man and his race?
4. Are there on the bones of any individual human characteristics?
5. No bones belong to a particular person (missing)?
6. If the bones were in the land are buried), what is prescription disposal of the corpse?
Soviet scientists forensic elaborate scientific guidelines and methodology osteological research to resolve the above issues.
The question of ownership of the bone or bone remains of the skeleton of the person or animal is resolved by using a comparative anatomical, relatively microscopy (histology), serological (reaction precipitation) methods and emission spectral analysis; selection of the method is determined by the degree of preservation of bones.
The definition of age, gender and race successfully produce the scull of the dead, the age of sexual maturity. To determine the age take into account the degree of eutrophication seams of skull, deterioration of teeth, age-related changes of the skull bones. To determine the age of the dead skull, not reached sexual maturity, examine the condition of the seams of the skull, the degree of development of teeth.
About sex skull testify to its size, the different degree bumpy and rough edges in places of attachment of muscles, the shape and the level of development of external occiput, the mastoid process, brow, lower jaw, eye sockets. The conclusion sex skull doing on the basis of an assessment of the amount of all evidence, both descriptive and measurement.
When defining racial take into account the anatomic-morphological characteristics of each race. Sharply protruding narrow nose with deep root directed backwards cheekbones and strongly or medium developed klyovye fossa characteristic of skulls and representatives of the European race. The representatives of the Mongoloid race skull large, facial region flat, wide and high cheekbones protruding, hard palate and broad forehead.
For representatives of the Negroid race is wide, there is little in-depth and slightly protruding root of the nose, moderately protruding cheekbones, narrow forehead.