Pages: 1 2 3 4

Peculiarities of identification of the corpses of unknown persons

Upon detection of a corpse of the unknown man, delivered to the morgue for forensic examination, the person carrying out the inquiry, with the participation and assistance of a forensic expert is (on a special form) "map of unidentified dead". In the map reflect the following data: time of detection of a corpse, the time of death (installed by a medical forensic expert in the study of the corpse), description of service, detailed data about the appearance of the deceased, the signs of nationality and occupation of the deceased, the list of things found at the corpse. On the map paste pictures of the face of a dead man - the FAS and both profiles (by the method performs segnaletiche pictures investigator or forensic investigator). In the space fingerprint cards make prints of all ten fingers. Fingerprinting produces the investigator or forensic investigator. A forensic expert assists them in the preparation of the fingers to the fingerprinting. The fingers should be extended, for it destroys muscle stiffness and cut flexor tendons in the wrist. Recommended if the pads of the fingers wrinkled, hold them in warm water for 10-20 minutes, then to enter through a needle syringe under the skin of the fingers, warm glycerine.
Identification of an unknown deceased person consists of several consecutive stages. After studying the resolution on appointment of expertise, the questions put to her resolution, and the circumstances of the case make external and internal examination of the corpse, which has certain characteristics. These include the obligatory photograph of the corpse, the service (you need to pay attention to the features of the service: location of manufacturing, existing damage and pollution, traces of repair, the nature of the tissue, the degree of deterioration, accurate dimensions, and others), parts of the face, ears, all detected features (tattoos, scars and other).
If the person damage or it disfigured rotting changes, it is necessary to make the restoration of the face, and then photograph it in a full face and profile. The restoration of the face produced by removal (with punctures and light massaging) putrid gas emissions from subcutaneous tissue; in the eyeballs, if they have sunk down, enter a solution of glycerin with alcohol; damaged tears or cuts in the skin sew. After that make the toilet face, brushed the hair of the scalp, eyebrows, colored lips, face covered with powder. Then the corpse's face again a photograph to your profile and FAS. It is necessary to take samples of hair from the head (from parietal, occipital, temporal areas). In the study of the corpses of unknown women need to be collected on a gauze pad the contents of the vagina.
If you examine the corpse of a young (in appearance) of a person should be required to produce x-rays of the hands and joints to determine the age. You must determine, in addition to growth, longitudinal and transverse diameter of the head and its circumference, the largest circumference of the neck, chest and abdomen, the length of the foot (from the most prominent parts of the heel to the end of the thumb on the tablet) for establishment of the size of the shoes worn by the deceased. To determine the number of shoes, you need the length of the foot to add unit and the resulting number is multiplied on 3/2, for example: (27+1) =28, H/2 = 42, size 42.
There are two stages of production forensic identification: 1) establishing and fixing in the examination of the corpse of complex traits that characterize the unknown deceased person; 2) comparative forensic examination to establish the identity of the deceased unknown and missing people.
Signs describing the physical characteristics of a person who is used to identify it, can be divided into two groups: General (regular) and private (non-permanent). Both are set at the external and internal examination of the corpse, and some (private) during laboratory studies.
To the common signs include gender, age, growth of the deceased, the structure of the body and its parts, race, serological properties of the organism. In the number of private signs include trauma and surgery, diseases and their consequences, anomalies of development and structure of the body, tattoos, birthmarks, indicators of professional activity, especially dental status. Naturally, the greatest value for identification have these symptoms, which is the individual, i.e., the unique one particular person.