Toys (hygienic requirements)

Toys (hygienic requirements). Toys are an important means of raising children and their overall mental and physical development. From a hygienic point of view toys must meet the age peculiarities of children, not to harm their health. To eliminate the possibility of injury of great importance is the simple forms of toys, absence of sharp edges and strength of the material. This is especially important for very young children. An indispensable condition is the durability of the paint film covering toys, which should be strong and not to dissolve in water and saliva. So be painted toys can only be defined dyes that meet the health rules for the production and sale of toys, approved by the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation.
For the protection of children is of great importance correct device optical toys (filmoscope and others). Their use should not cause stress of view, why the need for sufficient power magnification and image clarity. It is necessary to produce toys made of such material that does not spoil from frequent washing and use of disinfectants. Optical toys must have a frame lens made of a material that allows easy and hygienic processing.
The production and release of children's toys are subject to sanitary control services.
In children's institutions in the process of use of toys should be hygienic care, and in the case of infectious diseases - disinfection. As the simplest measures of care is recommended to wipe toys cloth moistened with a 0.3% solution of bleach or other disinfectant means; wash with warm water with soap and brush or vacuumed. For disinfection using solutions of bleach and chlorine, which is poured toys for up to 10 minutes (depending on the material from which they are made, and then thoroughly washed them clean water.
Soft toys mechanically cleaned, then wipe 1% solution of bleach. Good bactericidal effect of irradiation pre-washed toys ultraviolet light (lamp PDR-1, mercury quartz lamp PortPC-2). As soft toys difficult to clean and free from bacterial contamination, they should not be given to children in detention kindergartens and nurseries.