Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

November 6, 1941, at the ceremonial meeting of the Moscow Council of people's deputies, I. Century Stalin among the famous names of the sons of the great Russian people called the name of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov.

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
Some dates in the life and activities of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

An outstanding Soviet scientist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born on September 14 (Art. Art.) 1849 in Ryazan, in the family of a priest, and he received his primary and secondary education in Ryazan spiritual school and Ryazan Seminary. The young Pavlov and his peers-seminarians opened opportunities spiritual career, but "under the influence of literature of the sixties, particularly Pisareva, " recalls Ivan Petrovich in his autobiography, " our intellectual interests turned towards the natural Sciences, and many of us - including these and I decided to study at the University of natural Sciences".
In 1870 I. P. Pavlov was accepted to the first year of a natural Department of physical and mathematical faculty of the Petersburg University.
Recalling later his student days, Ivan Petrovich wrote: "It was the time of brilliant state Department. We had a number of professors, with a huge scientific authority and with the outstanding lectures talent." Indeed, among the professors of physics and mathematics in the seventies of the last century we see D. I. Mendeleev, A. M. Butlerov, A. N. Beketov, A. S. Famintsyn, K. F. Kessler and many others. A huge impression on students made Professor of physiology at the Imperial family Zion. "We have been directly affected, wrote to I. P. Pavlov, his masterful simple version of the most complex physiological issues and truly artistic ability to experiment".
In 1872, the transition from the second year on the third, Ivan Petrovich chose his specialty chemistry and physiology of animals.
In 1873 he began to experimental research in the physiological laboratory. The first fruit of these researches were his report in "the Petersburg Society of naturalists" in 1874.
The faculties are annually offered to students scientific topics for the competition of compositions. In 1874 the academic year of physics-mathematical faculty of the proposed theme on the physiology of animals: "On the nerves, Director of the work in the pancreas". On this subject the students Mikhail Afanasiev and Ivan Pavlov performed in the physiological laboratory of experimental study and presented it to the University Council. For this study in February 1875, the Board was awarded Afanasyev and Pavlov gold medal. It is here, at the University, have decided, as he wrote in 1914, I. P. Pavlov, "the meaning and nature" later in his life.
After graduating in may of 1875 University with degree of the candidate, Ivan Petrovich in September of the same year he entered the third year of Medical-surgical (since 1881 - the Military-medical Academy "not to become a doctor, - says Pavlov, " and with a view to eventually having a medical degree, be entitled to take the chair of physiology". "However, immediately he noted, - it is only fair to add that this plan were then dream, because of their own professorship was thought as something extraordinary, unbelievable."
Preparation for admission as a student in a Medical-surgical Academy, Ivan Petrovich had an offer from their University teachers, the Imperial family of Zion who read physiology also in the Academy, to take him a place assistant, combining this work with studies. But just at the end of 1874 Zion was forced to resign from the Academy, Pavlov, not having received the assistant of the place, was in a difficult financial situation. The disastrous financial situation of the students of the Academy at that time testifies classmate I. P. Pavlov, Professor D. P. Kosorotov, official history of the Academy for 100 years. Kosorotov writes: "most of the students was very insufficiently ensured; in a strange city, with a terrible competition on the labour tutor, translator, and even the scribe, they remained without any means of subsistence". Noting further the activities of the "Society of welfare to the needy students of the Medical-surgical Academy" and pointing to the amount of the benefits, he adds: "For the thousandth, chronically hungry masses it was a drop in the ocean".
K. the number of poor students belonged to I. P. Pavlov. Therefore, to continue to learn, not earning, it seemed impossible for him. Only in the following, 1876 Pavlov was able to get a laboratory assistant with physiologist, Professor K. N. Ustimovich in the veterinary Department of the same Academy. Having worked there until 1878, he managed to complete a number of scientific works on physiology of digestion and blood circulation, for which he was awarded in January 1880, the conference of the Academy gold medal. It was the second gold medal, received I. P. Pavlov for research, performed in student years.

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