The nervous mechanism of dreams

It took 18 years from the moment of publication of the book F. P. Mayorova "Physiological theory of dreams. The author was a prominent student and follower of academician I. P. Pavlov, the doctrine which he considered the most important theoretical basis for understanding and further development of the problem of sleep and dreams.
F. P. majors saw dreams as a function of the brain, as a kind of activity of the big hemispheres during sleep. He believed in dreams played the nervous tracks, which were recorded in the cerebral cortex during the life of the individual.
Great development during this period reached physiological studies of the brain of animals and humans, conducted mainly electroencephalographic method. Have published several books on the mechanisms of sleep and dreams foreign authors. In the USSR came out of the monograph I. E. Wolpert "Dreaming in ordinary sleep and hypnosis, and C. N. Kasatkina, "Theory of dreams. In addition, Russian and foreign languages and published a great number of scientific and popular scientific articles and booklets on sleep and dreams.
These circumstances prompted us to Supplement this edition of the book F. P. Mayorova small outline the most important works of the last years, which lays out the (very brief and incomplete, some basic questions about the mechanisms of sleep and dreams.

Table of contents

What is dreaming
I. Nervous mechanism sleep
II. Communication dreams with depth of sleep
III. The theory of traces of nerve
IV. The question about the anatomical localization of dreams
V. the Role of cash of external and internal stimuli in the origin and content of dreams
VI. The dominant principle
VII. Inertness of nervous processes
VIII. Regularity hypnotic phases
IX. Serial off and on cortical signal systems and cortex during sleep
X. Physiological cycles of dreams
XI. The degree of differentiation of neural traces
XII. The dependence of dreams from "special" type of higher nervous activity
XIII. The pattern of cortical time links
XIV. The question about amnesia dreams
XV. Diagnostic significance of dreams
Conclusion
The app. A brief outline of current research on the mechanism of dreams
Basic references

Sleep and wakefulness

Probably many have experienced remarkably beneficial and truly miraculous power of sleep. It happens that night, after a tiring day, you feel so tired that loses interest in everything and wants only that, to quickly go to bed. And the next morning he rises cheerful, cheerful, full readiness for new employment.
If you ask, what is more important for a person - sleep or food, it appears that both are the same necessity, without which our life is impossible. However, if you put the question differently and ask, without which a person or animal can live longer, it will appear that without food, you can live longer than without sleep.
Systematic lack of sleep has a devastating effect on human health. It is a well know people suffering from insomnia, after which they are frustrated, lethargic, unable to energetic, initiative work. Often these people resort to the regular intake of sleeping drugs. However, overreliance on diet drugs, especially without medical control, often harmful effect and contributes to the deepening of rhythm disorders of sleep and wakefulness. That's why using them with caution.
Should not be overused and other means - the so-called stimulants, which are sometimes forced to resort, in an attempt to overcome sleep. For some time the desire to sleep this is overcome, but the need to sleep on it-it does not become less.
So, sleep is essential, as evidenced primarily by the fact that about a third of his life people are in a state of sleep. What is it a dream? What is known about the mechanisms? Whether the same dream in animals and humans? What are sleep disorders and how to fight them?
In science during the last decades there has appeared a lot of new things in this area thanks to advances in the study of brain activity. Therefore, before speaking about mechanisms of sleep and wakefulness, we need to briefly get acquainted with the achievements in the study of brain activity in animals and humans, which enriched the science over the past quarter century.

Sleep and dreaming

In section provides information about the structure of the brain and nervous system, about how great scientist I. P. Pavlov and his followers on the basis of physiological laws explained the essence of sleep and dreams.
Learn about the different forms of sleep disorder that occurs in people for a number of reasons, indicating how and in what ways at home to strengthen sleep and thus positively affect health.
Explicitly questions sleep hygiene, necessary for health.
Designed for the General reader.