Chest

The chest (thorax) is upper body. It is formed by the bones of the chest covering it with soft fabrics and it housed the thoracic cavity.
The boundaries of the chest are: above - the jugular notch sternum, sternoclavicular the articulation and the clavicle to acrobaleno-clavicle junction, where is the imaginary line to the top of the spinous process VII cervical vertebra; the bottom border runs along the costal arch to the free end of the XI ribs, then on the imaginary line connecting the loose ends XI and XII of the ribs, along the bottom edge of the XII ribs to the spinous process of XII thoracal vertebra.
The skeleton of the chest restricts the chest cavity, which represents truncated cone facing the base down and somewhat tapered anteroposterior direction (in the absence of deformation).
At the top, in the upper holes of the chest, chest cavity is not closed, because the neck organs go into the mediastinum; at the bottom of the chest cavity is closed muscle-tendon phrenic barrier (aperture).
The boundaries of the chest cavity does not correspond to the borders of the skeleton, the thorax, as part of the chest cavity will stand up to the neck area (upper light, dome of the pleura), and above a costal arch is partially located the abdominal cavity organs (liver, stomach, spleen, kidney, adrenal gland).
The shape of the chest. The shape of the chest is determined mainly by shape of the skeleton. Age, structure peculiarities consist in the fact that children under the form chest approaching cylindrical, muscles are weak. Sexual features consist in the fact that women chest in the lower division wider than men, the height of the chest is relatively lower. Standard features in the structure of the chest are determined by the differences of its width and height, angle of inclination of the ribs, the size of podgradina (epigastric) angle and other data. The shape of the chest may be changed as the result of a number of social and professional factors, and also due to some pathological processes (rickets, tuberculosis, emphysema lungs and other).

Inspection and palpation
Inspection and palpation of soft tissues
The projection of the chest cavity on the surface of the chest
The projection of the abdominal cavity on the front chest wall
chest wall
Preparation of surface formations
Preparation of the muscles and fascias front chest wall
Preparation of intercostal spaces anterolateral Department chest
Dissection of the back of the chest wall
the chest cavity
Pleura
Light
mediastinum
Anterior mediastinum
Thymus (goiter) iron
Brachiocephalic vein and superior Vena cava
The aorta and pulmonary trunk
Cardiac plexus
Pericardium
Heart
Dissection of the pericardium and the heart and major vessels
The trachea and main bronchi
Posterior mediastinum
Wandering nerves
Thoracic aorta
Esophagus
Unpaired and polurama Vienna
Thoracic duct
The edge of the sympathetic trunk
Fiber mediastinum