Nursing is a set of measures providing comprehensive care for the sick and implementation of medical prescriptions for their treatment.
Care is inextricably linked with treatment (see); they complement each other and serving a common purpose. The organization of care and its implementation are an integral part of the activities of the medical personnel of medical institutions.
Nursing largely rests with the nurses, especially in stationary medical institutions, where most of the time the patients are under the direct supervision of nurses. The successful exercise of the many events care requires not only high professional skills and moral principles in their attitude to the patients. Sensitive, caring and spiritual contact with sick ensure the confidence of the patient in treatment, support in him the belief in recovery. Soviet nurses distinguish the principles of humanism, unselfishness, and high debt service socialist Homeland, which is reflected in the daily work of medical institutions. At all stages of treatment proper care provides optimally good social and psychological environment for the patient. It is extremely important to protect the patient from negative influencing factors, as well as from excessive attention to her, sometimes heavy, state.
Nurse helps patients in adapting to the regime of the institution. Placement of patients in multiple chambers should be carried out taking into account individual characteristics: age, intellectual and professional data and other Nurse should be individualized approach to patients, depending on their level of development, features of character; be sensitive to the suffering of the patient, to worry about satisfying his needs, to learn to tolerate the increased reaction and requirements, often even whims, mindful of mild anxiety and irritability patients. In order to avoid iatrogenic diseases (see) clinicians need to be very careful in conversation with the patient on medical topics. Compassionate and caring attitude nurses gives the patient a great moral, and often physical relief. The ability to create a positive atmosphere for the patient is a great contribution to the recovery. However caring attitude must not be supplanted by familiarity, as in these cases, the inevitable loss of prestige of nurses. Restrained and calm treatment allows to subject patients to the regime of the medical institution, the reasonable requirements of the medical staff.
This should favour the appearance of the medical staff: adjusted in size and buttoned medical Bathrobe, scarf or hat that covers the hair,the mandatory requirements to the work clothes of medical staff. Shoes, preferably wearing soft. Nails should be cut, hands spotlessly clean. Before each shift keying should wash their hands with the use of brushes and soap, and if necessary, a disinfectant. The expression must be always serious enough, however friendly, with no shades of inattention and carelessness.
Nursing divided into General and special.

General care

  • The basis of the shared care
  • Personal hygiene of the patient
  • Rational nutrition of patients
  • The monitoring of patients
  • The role of nurses in patient care
  • The child care
  • Caring for older patients
  • Particularly care for special groups of patients

  • Principles of care for surgical patients
  • The care of trauma patients
  • The care of patients with fractures of the spine
  • Care for patients with brain damage
  • The care of patients with burns
  • Care for patients with surgical interventions
  • Care dental patients
  • Care for ophthalmology patients
  • Care for sick otorhinolaryngologic
  • The care of neurological patients
  • Care of infectious patients
  • Care for TB patients
  • Care for dermatological and venereal patients
  • Care gynecological patients
  • Care for urological patients