Therapeutic physical training

Section written by a team of authors - leading experts in the field of medical physical culture - in accordance with the new program for special higher educational institutions. It takes into account modern achievements of medical science that led to a change of views on the method of treatment, including on the methods of physiotherapy. Illustrated by a large number of drawings, in many sections provide complexes or the list of special physical exercises.
The curricula of institutes of physical culture provide a sufficiently broad knowledge of social, psychological-pedagogical and medico-biological Sciences. This knowledge would not be complete if the students studied the influence of physical exercises and methods of their application only in studies with healthy people and not acquainted with the features of the practice with people with deviations in their health condition or any illness.
Graduates of the institutes of physical culture often go for work in schools, colleges and universities, where they have to conduct classes in special groups, uniting students from various diseases. Knowledge of methods of physical exercises with patients, mechanisms of medical action of physical exercises required when working with groups of health.
In addition, teachers and trainers meet with the need to conduct studies with athletes after injuries and diseases. Therefore, in the curricula of institutions of physical culture included the discipline of physiotherapy exercises, studying the problems of organization, methods of exercise and mechanisms of their therapeutic action at various diseases and injuries.
This textbook written by a team in accordance with the new program, one for coaching and teaching faculties of institutes of physical culture. The textbook presents modern concepts on the mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises, and reflects the features of a technique of physical exercises for different diseases.
The textbook consists of 5 parts and 17 chapters (full table of contents see below).

Introduction

Therapeutic physical training (or abbreviated physical therapy) is an independent medical discipline that uses the tools of physical culture for the treatment of diseases and injuries, prevention of exacerbations and complications, rehabilitation. The most basic tool (and it distinguishes LFC from other methods of treatment are physical exercise - stimulator of vital body functions.
Therapeutic physical exercise is one of the most important elements of a modern complex treatment, which is individually selected set of therapeutic methods and means: the conservative surgery, medication, physiotherapy, therapeutic feeding and other Complex treatment affects not only the diseased tissues, organs or systems of organs, but also on the whole body. The share of the various elements of a comprehensive treatment depends on the stage of recovery and the need for rehabilitation of the person. The essential role in complex treatment belongs therapeutic physical training as method of functional therapy.
Physical exercises influence the reactivity of the whole body and are involved in the overall response mechanisms that are involved in pathological process. In this regard, physical therapy can be called by the method of pathogenetic therapy.
Physical therapy involves conscious and active implementation of sick appropriate physical exercise. In the course of employment patient acquires skills in the use of natural factors of nature with the aim of hardening, exercise - with the medical and preventive purposes. This allows us to consider therapeutic physical training medical-pedagogical process.
Exercise therapy uses the same principles of application of physical exercises that and physical education for a healthy person, namely: the principles of full impact of prikladnoi and Wellness trend. In its content therapeutic physical training is an integral part of the Soviet system of physical education.

Part one. General issues of medical physical culture
Chapter I. brief history of the development of medical physical culture

  • Chapter II. Clinical-physiological substantiation and the mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises
  • Chapter III. General principles of exercise therapy
  • III. 1. Means of therapeutic physical culture
  • III. 2. Classification and description of physical exercises
  • III. 3. The technique of medical application of physical exercises (General requirements). Dosage of physical exercises
  • III. 4. Forms of medical physical culture
  • III. 5. Methods of medical and pedagogical evaluation of the impact of medical physical culture
  • III. 6. Periods of medical application of physical exercises
  • III. 7. Organization of medical physical culture in medical institutions
  • III. 8. The complex pathogenetic functional treatment and medical physical culture
  • The second part. Therapeutic physical training in diseases of the internal organs and joints
  • Chapter IV. Therapeutic physical training in diseases of the cardiovascular system
  • IV. 1. The mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises
  • IV. 2. Indications and contraindications to the use of therapeutic physical culture
  • IV. 3. Basis of methods of exercise therapy
  • IV. 3.1. Atherosclerosis
  • IV. 3.2. Ischemic heart disease
  • IV. 3.3. Rheumatism
  • IV. 3.4. Heart diseases
  • IV. 3.5 Hypertension
  • IV. 3.6. Hypotonic disease
  • IV. 3.7. Obliterating diseases of the arteries
  • IV. 4. The role of exercise in the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system
  • Chapter V. exercise therapy for respiratory diseases
  • V. 1. The mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises
  • V.2. Basic methods of medical physical culture
  • V. 2.1. Bronchial asthma
  • V. 2.2. Emphysema
  • V. 2.3. Pneumonia
  • V. 2.4. Pleurisy
  • Chapter VI. Physical therapy for diseases of digestion organs and disorders of metabolism
  • VI. 1. The mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises
  • VI. 2. Basis of methods of physical therapy
  • VI. 2.1. Gastritis
  • VI. 2.2. Ulcers disease
  • VI. 2.3. Bowel disease
  • VI. 2.4. Planchettes
  • VI. 2.5. Cholecystitis and cholelithiasis
  • VI. 2.6. Obesity
  • VI. 2.7. Diabetes mellitus
  • VI. 2.8. Gout

  • Chapter VII. Physical therapy for diseases of the joints and spinal osteochondrosis
  • VII. 1. The mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises
  • VII. 2. Basic methods of medical physical culture
  • VII. 2.1. Arthritis
  • VII. 2.2. Osteoarthrosis
  • Part three. Therapeutic physical training in surgical diseases and injuries
  • Chapter VIII. Therapeutic physical training with injuries of musculoskeletal system
  • VIII. 1. Therapeutic exercise in injuries of the shoulder girdle and upper limb
  • VIII. 1.1 Fracture, dislocation of the clavicle, the gap acrobaleno-clavicle junction
  • VIII. 1.2. A broken shoulder blade
  • VIII. 1.3. Fractures of the upper third of the humerus
  • VIII. 1.4. Dislocations of the humeral head
  • VIII. 1.5. Diaphyseal fractures of the humerus
  • VIII. 1.6. Injury of the elbow joint
  • VIII. 1.7. Fractures of the diaphysis of the forearm
  • VIII. 1.8. Fractures, dislocations in the area of the wrist and hand
  • VIII. 1.9. Damage of tendons of the hand and fingers
  • VIII. 2. Exercise therapy for vertebral fractures without disturbing the integrity of the spinal cord
  • VIII. 2.1. Cervical vertebrae fractures
  • VIII. 2.2. Compression fractures of thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae
  • VIII. 3. Therapeutic physical training for fractures of the pelvis and lower limbs
  • VIII. 3.1. Fractures of the pelvis
  • VIII. 3.2. Hip fractures
  • VIII. 3.3. Diaphyseal fractures of hip
  • VIII. 3.4. A knee injury
  • VIII. 3.5. Fracture of the ankle
  • VIII. 3.6. Fractures of the bones of the foot and toes
  • VIII. 3.7. Damaged tendon-ligamentous apparatus of an ankle joint
  • Chapter IX. Therapeutic exercise for burns and frostbite
  • IX. 1. The main clinical-physiological manifestations and methods of complex treatment of burn disease
  • IX. 2. Clinical-physiological substantiation and the mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises with burn disease
  • IX. 3. The technique of medical physical culture in burn disease
  • IX. 4. Clinical-physiological rationale and methodology for frostbite gymnastics
  • Chapter X. Therapeutic exercise in operations on the organs of the chest and abdominal cavity
  • X. 1. Operations on the organs of the chest
  • X. 1.1. Operations on the lungs
  • X. 1.2. Heart surgery
  • X. 2. Operations on the organs of abdominal cavity
  • X. 2.1. Operations on the stomach and duodenum
  • X. 2.2. Operation Greenacre
  • Chapter XI. Therapeutic physical training in the case of faults in posture, scoliosis and flat feet
  • XI. 1. Bearing defects
  • XI. 2. Scoliotic disease (scoliosis)
  • XI. 3. Flat feet
  • Part four. Therapeutic physical training at diseases and damages of nervous system
  • Chapter XII. Therapeutic physical training in diseases and injuries of the peripheral nervous system
  • XII. 1. The mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises
  • XII. 2. General bases of methods of medical physical culture
  • XII. 2.1. Neuritis of the facial nerve
  • XII. 2.2. The ulnar nerve neuritis
  • XII. 2.3. Neuritis of the median nerve
  • XII. 2.4. Neuritis of the radial nerve
  • XII. 2.5. Traumatic brachial plexus injury - plexitis
  • XII. 2.6. The sciatic nerve neuritis
  • XII. 2.7. Neuritis of the femoral nerve
  • XII. 2.8. Neuritis peroneal and tibial nerve
  • XII. 2.9. Sciatica and polyneuritis
  • Chapter XIII. Exercise therapy for diseases and injuries of the brain and spinal cord
  • XIII 1. General bases of workouts
  • XIII. 1.1. Stroke
  • XIII. 1.2. Brain injuries, tumors, inflammatory diseases
  • XIII. 1.3. Lesions of the spinal cord
  • XIII. 2. Peculiarities of medical physical culture in spastic and flaccid paralysis
  • XIII. 2.1. Spastic paresis, and paralysis
  • XIII. 2.2. Flaccid paresis, and paralysis
  • Chapter XIV. Therapeutic exercise with nervousness
  • XIV. 1. General bases of methods of medical physical culture
  • XIV. 1.1. Neurasthenia
  • XIV. 1.2. Psychasthenia
  • XIV. 1.3. Hysteria
  • Part five. Exercise in the special medical groups and people of middle and old age
  • Chapter XV. Physical culture in the special medical groups of secondary and higher educational institutions
  • XV. 1. Acquisition of special medical groups
  • XV. 2. Means and forms of physical education in the special medical groups
  • Chapter XVI. Physical education in middle and old age
  • Chapter XVII. Therapeutic physical training in obstetrics and gynecology