Infertility: causes, preventive measures

In section contains information about main causes of female infertility, describes modern methods of examination and treatment of various forms of infertility.
The problem of diagnostics, treatment and prophylaxis of infertility is important not only for medical but also social relations. As reason for the decline in fertility, the family's tragedy, infertility often leads to the development of precancerous processes and other diseases. In the materials of this section tells about the main causes of female infertility treatment and prevention, reveals the issues of organization of medical assistance to women suffering from infertility.
Designed for medical professionals and all interested in the latest achievements of obstetrics and gynecology.

The problem of geterogennosti (fertility) concerned humans, probably, from the moment of emergence of human society. About it silently observe extant monuments of ancient culture in the form of rock paintings and stone sculptures dated to 30-15 millennia BC.
The main theme of these first works of art along with hunting is the theme of fertility in animals and people. This indicates that our ancient predecessors were interested in the issues of extension of the human race and they saw the possibilities of this extension in successful hunting and reproduce their own kind.
Ancient portrayed fertility in male and female figures with the relatively small size of the trunk and incredibly exaggerated genitals. Exaggerated genitals in both men and women and increased the size of the mammary glands of women in the first place, extant works of art indicate that the mystery of procreation was one of the main (if not the first) intellectual problems reasonable person. The procreation artists of that time took the main place among other functions of human existence.
In the later period began to appear ritual image showing attempts to influence the function of reproduction with the purpose of its stimulation.
First scientific works in the treatment of infertility related to the period of Ancient Rome and Byzantium, when doctors were trying to apply pessaries in women with posteriorly declined uterus (retroflexa)and recommended for obesity and infertility diet to restore fertility.
In the first century ad doctor Roman Empire Sornosa (Aretusa) it has been noticed that the best time for conception - a few days after the end of menstruation. This doctor is the first description of the pelvic organs.
The middle ages did not bring anything new to the teaching e infertility.
In the XVI century, John Gunther was first manufactured artificial insemination women with sperm of her husband, who was hypospadias. In the same period Lazaro Spallanzani indicated that the sperm is required for fertilization. I should, however, be noted that already in ancient portrayed male fertility in the form of snakes with small heads, very reminiscent of the sperm. The structure of the egg mammal described Carlo Ernst von Baer in the XVII century.
The beginning of the XIXth century was characterized by intensive development of the doctrine of infertility. In 1866, Shem, in 1895 Szuwarski, and in 1913 Guner described postcoital test sample with definition sperm motility in the posterior fornix of the vagina, in the cervical mucus of women and in the uterine cavity.
In 1920 Rubin applied the introduction of air into the cervical canal to determine the fallopian tubes.
In 1924 Allen and Daisy created the first scientific concept about your menstrual cycle.
In 1931, the Monche were describes the main features of semen in men who have children in marriage, and infertility.
The last 30-35 years of our century are characterized by intensive development of x-ray methods of examination, the advent of biochemical and radioimmunoassay methods of determination of hormones and biologically active substances in fluids and tissues of the human body. One of the latest achievements are endoscopic methods.
The use of all these methods to the study of anatomy, physiology and pathology of the reproductive system of women and men has allowed to reveal the main laws regulating its operation, and develop the principles of active influence on these systems for violation of their functions, leading to impairment of fertility and infertility emergence.
However, it should be noted that not everywhere infertility can be deemed to be carefully studied medical conditions. Some Nations in Africa, Central America, Indonesia and Polynesia infertility in marriage is treated as a curse of the gods and it is believed that only a magical effect of special statues of the gods (most often presented in the form of wooden figures of pregnant women) and the Commission of the special rites, you can save a woman from infertility.
Some rituals include elements of medical intervention. For example, women in some areas of China eat dried placenta after childbirth to extend in the future fertility.

Contents

  • Terminology
  • Infertility in marriage
  • The frequency of infertile marriages
  • Physiology of the reproductive system
  • The causes of infertility
  • Immunological factors of infertility
  • Psychological and social aspects of infertility
  • Methods of treatment and prophylaxis of infertility
  • What is barren marriage
  • Anatomical and physiological characteristics of the female body
  • Causes of female infertility
  • Principles survey of women suffering from infertility
  • Treatment
  • Prevention of female infertility
  • Newsletter
  • One solution to the problem of infertility
  • The reasons and methods of treatment of infertility