Bites from venomous animals

The method of rational treatment of disease, developing from bites of poisonous snakes and other animals, clinic, pathogenesis and prevention of its studied enough.
The disease is usually very difficult and requires urgent medical care. Existing numerous non-specific means and first aid does not have a neutralizing action and rational dose specific therapeutic serum is not installed. In this regard, we have aimed to develop a method that ensures the rapid neutralization of poison in the body of the victim.
The work is based on a study of more than 280 (bites from venomous animals. This applied various non-specific tools, specific protivosemnye serum and conducted other activities. The developed method of rational treatment provides quick neutralization of poison and cure the sick.

Morphology and lifestyle poisonous animals, adonoy apparatus, physical-chemical properties of the poison, poison and treatment of poisoning with poison

The bites of poisonous animals in many countries of the world are still a disaster, which annually claim thousands of lives, not to mention a significant number of cases of disability. So, according to incomplete data, more than 10 million people in the world are being annually bites (Aalenian) poisonous animals. A growing number of stings of the snakes - from 500 thousand in 1954 to 1 million in 1974, causing the death of more than 50 thousand people annually.
14 years have passed since the publication of the first edition of the monograph. During this period, clarified many questions regarding the physical-chemical properties and pharmacodynamic poisons, especially poisons snakes and bees; clarified some important clinical and pathogenetic aspects of their actions. On the basis of these studies rational dose highly concentrated therapeutic serum produced by the Tashkent scientific research Institute of vaccines and serums. Given the complexity of the chemical composition of the poison and diversity of manifestations of his actions developed a method of complex treatment of poisoning poisons snakes, karakurts, Scorpions, tarantulas, bees and wasps, including specific therapeutic serum, rational dose of providing neutralization of poison, corticosteroid hormones, preventing the development of anaphylactic reactions and serum sickness, and various symptoms.
The effectiveness of this method is confirmed by the data of long-term observations over 412 patients with poisoning of different degrees and analysis of immediate and remote results of treatment. Method of complex treatment provides recovery in 100% of cases.

Abbreviations used in the names of snakes and spiders

 1. Agk. - Bothrops. 13. Haem. - Haemachatus. 
 2. Bit. - Bungaris. 14. Het. - Heterometrus. 
 3. Bot. - Buthus. 15. Hyd. - Hydrophis. 
 4. Bun. - Cerastes. 16. Lat. - Laticauda. 
 5. But. - Centriroides. 17. Latr. - Latrodectus. 
 6. Cer. - Crotalus. 18. Lei. - Leiurus. 
 7. Cent. - Dendroaspis. 19. Lox. - Loxosceles. 
 8. Cr. - Echis. 20. Mic. - Micrurus. 
 9. Den. - Enhydrina. 21. N. - Naja. 
 10. Ech. - Eupeus. 22. 'tit. - Tityus. 
 11. Enh. - Ukraine. 23. Tr. - Trimeresurus. 
 12. Eu. - Bitis. 24. V. - Vipera.

The characteristic feature of poisonous animals is that they have Aganozero apparatus and doprovodem teeth (sting), formed in the process of adaptation to the environmental conditions for protection from enemies and hunting of providing for the continuation of life. Poisonous animals known since ancient times. Now their world is rich and varied; characterized by diversity and their adonoy unit *: snakes - doprovodem teeth, black widow - jaw, Scorpions, bees and wasps sting, fish it consists of hard pointed rays and thorns under the Gill cover (ruffs and bulls), 13 hard rays, forming a dorsal fin (sea bass), from the thorns (the shark), etc. Allocated poisonous animals poison in the process of evolution has acquired the ability to penetrate the tissue barrier and cause poisoning of the body, affecting all and especially on the most important integrating the systems of the body. Annually 20 thousand poisoning poisons of various poisonous fish, including about 300 cases with lethal outcome (Russell, 1974).
In order Coleoptera, Diptera, bugs, Hymenoptera, butterflies and Puhaev are poisonous insects, and disease vectors humans and domestic animals. Among beetles poisonous to humans and animals larger-carabids of the genus Carabus L. Splashing corrosive acids (formic acid and others), they burn skin, often causing severe defeat. "Poisonous blood" crushed on the skin of small bugs and beetles of blister beetles (Mylabris cinjcta ol.) causes bubble dermatitis. Blood the last dangerous to human health: it contains poison cantharidin causes redness and inflammation of the skin, often damages internal organs, most kidney, and by ingestion of the poison inside there gastritis, enteritis, jade. Isolated and purified cantharidin in the amount of 0,032 g, as contained in the body of the bug-narytnik in the amount of 0.02 g fatal to humans.
There are many harmful to human and animal parasites-disease vectors and among Diptera (some collections of the flies, mosquitoes, mosquitoes). Horse the gadfly splatters on the fly larvae in the eyes or in the nose of the man and the horse; skin gadfly causes inflammation and fistulas; larvae of gastric gadfly develop and cause inflammation in the stomach, sheep - nose. In humid forest areas and lower mountain belts many flies-horse-flies (Tabanidae) - vectors of pathogens of anthrax, tularemia and anemia in cattle.
Small arthropods from the class Arachnida - mites - not only transfer of pathogens 3-4 forms subnational tick fever and spring-summer encephalitis, but are poisonous. So, by the bite of cattle Ixoder ricinus skin inflammation may occur with Rubtsove changes. Tick bite Argas reflexus parasitizing on the pigeons, causes severe anaphylaxis, and after a bite Dermacentor variabilis Sau develop rapidly progressive muscle weakness in the limbs, ataxia, horizontal nystagmus and symptom Baku.
Poisoned Wraith wasps (Chironex fleckeri) is characterized by rapid deterioration of the General condition, occurrence of chaotic movements, difficulty breathing, cyanosis, death occurs in kollaptoidnye condition. Considered to be very dangerous for humans and animals bite giant tropical dupanovic and their varieties, common in Thailand, Haiti (Rinocricus) and Sunda Islands (Spirostreptus), in New Guinea and Malaysia (Jolivet, 1971). By swelling, redness, rash, a burning sensation on the skin, pain in the back, pain in the extremities, bronchospasm with dysfunction of the respiratory muscles and the muscles of the lower extremities intoxication is manifested in the "burn" Medusa "groundsel etc Dangerous for man bites of poisonous snakes, poisonous spiders, for example tarantula Licosa sing, Scorpions, bees and wasps (big hornets - Vespa grabo L., several species of smaller size of the genus Ves thorns, Pseudovespa vulgaris L., ps. Germanica F. and others).
From a brief review shows that in the animal world the many poisonous animals, parasites and vectors. This monograph considers poisonous snakes, spiders, bees and wasps.

* Proper name is not poisonous glands, poisonous teeth, and agroproducers cancer, doprovodem teeth and adonoy apparatus.