Allergic diseases

  • Allergies in children
  • This section contains information about clinical presentation, diagnostic methods and treatment of the most common allergic diseases and reactions. Recommendations on their prevention.

    Table of contents

    Chapter 1. The prevalence of allergic diseases
    Chapter 2. The mechanisms of allergic reactions
    Chapter 3. Allergic diathesis (exudative catarrhal diathesis)
    Chapter 4. Allergy diagnosis
    Chapter 5. Acute allergic reactions
    Chapter 6. Allergic diseases
       Bronchial asthma
       Atopic dermatitis
       Food Allergy
       Drug Allergy

       Allergic drug granulotsitopenii
       Allergic thrombocytopenia
    Skin lesions
       Urticaria (urticaria)
       Drug exantema (skin rash)
       Fixed exanthema
       Contact dermatitis
       Exudative erythema multiforme
       Toxic epidermal necrolysis (syndrome Laila)
       The defeat of respiratory organs
       Allergy vaccination
       Professional allergies
    Chapter 7. General principles of treatment
       Medical treatment
       Specific hyposensitization
       Physiotherapeutic methods of treatment
       Climatic treatment methods
    Chapter 8. Prevention
    Chapter 9. Allergic Cabinet
       The questionnaire for the patient allergic disease
       The questionnaire for patients with hay fever
       Memo to the patient receiving specific treatment allergens
    List of literature

    List of abbreviations

    BTL - blast transformation of cells
    ARVI acute respiratory viral infection
    PPN - indicator damage neutrophils
    PACT - radioallergosorbent test
    ROCK rosette cells
    TPHA - Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay
    FEEL test braking natural migration of leukocytes
    CNS - Central nervous system
    EGG - electrogastrogram
    EKG - electrocardiogram
    PNU - protein nitrogen unit


    Along with the progress of medicine - the discovery of antibiotics, sulfanilamides, some antiseptic funds is significantly reduced the number of diseases such as sepsis, septic complications, ceased to be fatal many infectious diseases and some have disappeared altogether. However, spoke at the forefront and more attracted the attention of other diseases, including allergic. There are a significant number of diseases, not from germs, but mainly from changes in the reactivity of the organism. In the basis of allergic diseases and is the changed reactivity of the body (from the Greek.- άλλους which means another, other). In allergic diseases in response to the ingestion of a variety of allergens in food, household, drug - reaction develops, which should be protective, but it's different, is different. In allergic diseases antibodies that are designed to protect the body, when connecting to an allergen enters the body, have a damaging effect on the body itself.
    To allergic diseases include asthma, urticaria, swelling Kwinke, hay fever, eczema and other Allergic reactions play an important role in the development of severe illnesses such as rheumatism, glomerulonephritis, lupus, hemorrhagic purpura and others In the development of allergic diseases more the role of genetic predisposition.
    The increase in the number of allergic diseases, in both adults and children, often severe, the need of special methods of diagnostics and treatment prompted to search for new forms of organization of medical aid to these patients.
    Abroad (USA, England, France, Spain and others) are mainly private allergic rooms, which conducted the examination and treatment of patients at great expense.
    In the USSR since 1961 started working state allergic rooms. The first such office for adult patients was organized by academician A. D. ADO on the basis of the 1st clinical hospital in Moscow, and for children - M Ya Studenikina and T. S. Sokolova at the research Institute of Pediatrics of the AMS of the USSR. In these institutions, which became a scientific-methodological centers for the study of allergic diseases, were opened and hospitals for allergic patients.
    In 1969 the Ministry of health of the USSR decided to create a specialized allergic service (order no. 530). The order of Ministry of health USSR № 210 from 26.02.81 "On further improvement of treatment and preventive care of patients with allergic diseases" the health Ministers of the republics was ordered to organize the work out of the cabinets in accordance with the approved standards in one of the clinics of the city (region) or consultative polyclinic oblast, region, at the Republican hospital.
    At present, our country has allergic service, consisting of allergic rooms and hospitals that serve these patients. Has about 500 allergic rooms for adults and children in all republics of the country. In addition, there are special institutions, produce allergens.
    Cadres of doctors-allergists are prepared in institutes of advanced training of doctors. There is all-Union allergological center under the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR and the USSR Ministry of health.
    Nurses to work in allergic rooms are prepared for jobs in allergic branches and offices. But still benefits for nurses allergic rooms are extremely small.
    The authors of this manual, for many years worked in allergic hospital and polyclinic allergological office, we hope that the manual will be useful for nurses.