Acute abdomen in children

In section provides information about acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity in children, their specific characteristics that need to be taken into account in practical work, as mortality in the diagnosis "acute abdomen" is still a great place. Special attention is paid to questions of clinic of acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity, possible complications, preoperative preparation and postoperative management of patients. Also contains useful practical organizational recommendations, necessary for daily work of nurses and medical assistants.
Designed for paramedics first-aid stations and ambulances, medical nurses of children's surgery, somatic and infectious departments.
The level of training of nurses currently quite high. Medical sister children's surgery, anesthesiology, General surgery departments, in which there may be children with surgical diseases, not to satisfy the "common view" about the disease. And that's exactly right, because the results of surgical treatment of many diseases depend on the Outlook of a nurse and her attitude.
To improve the diagnosis of surgical diseases is also of great importance special training of nurses and paramedics, who often are the first to meet with a sick child, and from their Council and tactics, the level of preventive and sanitary-educational work on the site largely depends on the reduction of the terms of pre-hospital period. This is especially important in acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity in children, when there is a direct relation between the term of arrival of the patient in the hospital and mortality. The later the child was admitted to hospital, the mortality is higher. Acute surgical diseases in children have their essential differences from acute surgical diseases in adults on many parameters, including the technique of the operation. Therefore, in section provides information that can help and operational nurses. The Appendix describes the age of dosage the most common drugs.
This section is designed for medical assistants, visiting nurses, nurses of children's surgery, Pediatrics, General surgery, anesthesiology departments and chambers, in which there may be children with acute surgical diseases, and the operating sisters General surgical and paediatric surgical departments.


General part
General symptomology of acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity in children
    The status of the anterior abdominal wall
    Symptom palpable tumors
    Changes chair
    Changes in body temperature
    Changes in the blood picture
    X-ray symptoms
       The syndrome of intestinal obstruction
       Syndrome gastrointestinal bleeding
       Hyperthermic syndrome
Basic medical and diagnostic manipulation
    Washing stomach
    Features subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous injection and infusion in children
   Banks and mustard in children
   Enemas in children
Preoperative preparation, operation, postoperative period
Health food with surgical diseases of abdominal cavity organs in children
Organization of work of the nurse of the children's Department

Special part
Acute appendicitis
      Congenital intestinal obstruction
         Prepelitsa atresia
         The pyloric stenosis
         Maconey ileus
         Atresia and stenosis of the small intestine
        Atresia colon
        The Disease, Hirschsprung's Disease
     Acquired ileus
       Acute intussusception
       Adhesive obstruction
       Obstructive ileus
       Dynamic obstruction
Ulcers disease stomach and duodenal ulcer
Appendiceal abscess
Interintestinal abscess
Abscess small pelvis
Subphrenic abscess
Strangulated inguinal-scrotal hernia
Embryonic hernia umbilical cord
Pathology of Meckel diverticulum
Suppuration and necrosis of pancreatic cancer
Torsion legs ovarian cyst
Acute nonspecific mesenteric mutagenic
Bleeding from varicose veins of the esophagus and stomach
Appendix 1. The multipliers used in the conversion dose per 1 kg of body weight of an adult person, for children of different age
Appendix 2. The average single dose of chloral hydrate at introduction in a direct gut
Annex 3. The average single dose amidopirina with twilight and cough order
Annex 4. The average single dose of aspirin with twilight and cough order
Annex 5. Compatibility antibacterial drugs, while the application
Recommended reading:
Dekhtyar E. G., Titova A. K. What should know and be able sister surgical Department. M., 1973.
Lyonyushkin A. I., Roshal L. M. Guidelines for the sisters of children surgical departments. Leningrad, 1978.
Reference nurses to care. M., 1969.
The guide operating and dressing sisters. M., 1976.