Care of infectious patients

Care of infectious patients provides first of all measures to prevent nosocomial infections and infection staff: compliance with the rules of anti-epidemic regime and current disinfection, proper ventilation chambers, disinfection of air bactericidal lamps, wet cleaning with the use of chemicals, disinfection of faeces. The wearing of masks to protect the personnel against droplet transmission, and separation of patients with different branches - from the transfer of infection (see Nosocomial infection, Disinfection, Isolation of infectious patients).
Mandatory surveillance of infectious diseases is the knowledge of features of disease that is necessary for the timely collection of material for laboratory research and prevention of complications or early recognition.
Exceptional attention febrile patients. In the period of rise of temperature (fever) should warm patient: warm and at rest, surrounded by heaters, provide hot water. In the period of maximum of temperature rise must rich alkaline water, which neutralizes harmful substances in the blood and tissues of the body. Crisis (see) may be accompanied by phenomena of acute cardiovascular insufficiency; the patient should be provided with emergency medical assistance (see the Collapse).
Careful monitoring of hygienic content of the oral cavity. Often when antibiotics may appear white raids on the mucous membrane of the mouth (see Candidiasis), which should not be removed mechanically. Violation function of the intestine should be timely noticed by the medical staff; when you change the color, texture, feces, blood, you must show it to your doctor. Persistent and multiple ( 6 times per day) feeding infectious diseases is a precondition care. Proper diet is of great importance, especially in cases involving severe gastro-intestinal tract (see typhoid fever, Hepatitis epidemic, Dysentery, Food diseases). Great care is required when feeding patients with rabies (see), botulism (see), tetanus (see) in connection with the disorder swallowing.
Care for patients with especially dangerous infections require special training.