Infectious psychosis

Infectious illness - an illness occurring during the acute and chronic infectious diseases. Infectious psychoses are always the main symptom (infectious) diseases. The peculiarities of the clinical picture of infectious psychosis divided into acute and protagorean.
Acute psychosis observed in acute infections (influenza, scarlet fever, tifa) and appear before rising temperature, at height of fever or immediately after the fall of temperature. Proceed normally with the phenomena of aberrations of consciousness, most often in the form of delirium, amentia, stun, oneiroid (see Consciousness disorders) and less - epileptiform arousal or acute hallucinosis.
Epileptiform excitation develops suddenly. Is manifested primarily sharp motor or rededicating excitement, fear, fragmentary delusional speech, and confusion. Lasts no more than a few hours. Changes in deep sleep. Characteristically, the patient wakes, does not remember what was happening to him.
In acute hallucinosis occur multiple verbal, auditory hallucinations, the content of which is threatening, accusing or ordering character.
At the same time marked the individual delusional statements, anxiety, fear, confusion, motor excitation. Symptoms of psychosis intensify in the evening and at night. Duration hallucinosis from hours and days to several weeks.
Oneiroid, emerging infectious psychosis, develops on the background of increased drowsiness, and is usually accompanied by lethargy or immobility. Before it occurs in patients with constancy is possible to identify a large number of dreams, representing the scenes of their past or recent life in which they are participants. At awakening patients dreams are, first, as to real events, but then criticism is restored. Later, not only at night but also in the daytime, on the background drowsiness, with closed eyes in patients experiencing numerous pictorial view of the fantastic content. Sometimes patients experiencing the sensation of moving in space and views about finding another appropriate fantastic experiences. However, consistency is maintained orientation in their own personality. Mood disorders often determined by the emotion of surprise or confusion in combination with anxiety, with the complacency and euphoria. Delusions of persecution, catatonic disorder, auditory hallucinations, characteristic of schizophrenia, are absent. After the disappearance of symptoms of disordered consciousness with acute infectious psychosis in patients for weeks and even months there are denominated asthenic disorders, which is maudlin sentimentality.
When dizziness in infectious psychosis was not accompanied by complete amnesia (see Memory disorders), most often when deliria and oneiroid, in patients after their disappearance simultaneously with fatigue may briefly be a so-called residual delirium - the belief that all the experiences of patients in the period of psychosis was actually (see Delusional syndrome).
Protagorean psychosis can occur at remote stages of development of chronic infectious diseases (malaria, brucellosis, rheumatism, chronic infection , and so on). In these cases are developing a variety of picture - anxiety and anxiety-delusional depression (see Affective syndromes); state, determined non-systemized by delusions of persecution and auditory hallucinations; manic state, reminiscent of mania in progressive paralysis; Korsakov syndrome (see Memory problems). On their background can occur in the form of brief episodes of the altered States of consciousness.
One of the very important features related to all protagorean infectious psychosis is asthenia, remaining for a long time and after the disappearance of psychotic disorders. For protagorean infectious illness is usually delayed for a few, sometimes many months.
If acute infectious psychosis usually end in complete healing, protagorean infectious psychosis often lead to personality changes, among which there are psychopathic States, arising predominantly among young people, reducing the level of personality and even minor extent gimnazicheskoe dementia (see Memory problems).
The treatment of infectious illness is always done in the hospital. It should be aimed primarily at the underlying psychosis infectious disease. You also need the proper treatment of psychotic disorders for the appointment of a psychiatrist.