Inhalation

steam inhaler
Fig. 1. Steam inhaler "Sigle": 1 - Cup; 2 - reservoir; 3 - a spirit lamp; 4 - glass funnel. Fig. 2. The device for heat-wet inhalation: 1 - thermometer; 2 - sprayer; 3 - air supply; 4 - a glass of medicine; 5 - removable protective glass cover.

Fig. 3. Mobile inhalation unit. Fig. 4. The gearbox to cylinders with oxygen and compressed air.
aerosol inhaler
Fig. 5. Aerosol inhaler for oil and heat and humidity inhalation.

Inhalation - inhalation of medicinal substances with the help of special devices. Order inhalation of medicinal substance in a proper concentration mixed with steam or air. All types of inhalers, built on the principle of sprinklers must give the smallest spray drugs, so as to achieve the pulmonary alveoli the size of the dispersed particles of medicinal substances should not exceed 1 MK.
Action steam inhalers based on the maximum hot air saturation with moisture. Steam temperature should not exceed 45 degrees. Steam inhalers (Fig. 1) spray alkalisoluble sulfa drugs, oil, antibiotics.
When steam inhalations maximum exposure temperature and moisture.
Heat and humidity inhalations, which occupies an important place in inhalation therapy, produced with the help of special devices (Fig. 2, 3 and 5 ), consisting of metal tanks with capacity of up to 1 l, filled to the proper level of water heated by elektrofotografie mounted in the bottom. At the bottom of the reservoir put porcelain or glass cups with naletim him with a solution medicinal the substances, the spraying is done by a special tubular gon, one end of which drops in a glass of drug solution, the other is connected to the compressor or a can of compressed air supplied through the gear (Fig. 4).
Heat and humidity inhalation is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purpose for working in hazardous production facilities related to the generation of dust, air pollution, chemicals. Heat-wet inhalation increases blood flow to the mucosa and improves its function. Inhalation apply solutions weak alkalis, chloride calcium, tannin, ammonium chloride.
Especially useful heat and humidity inhalation solutions with variable temperature in chronic catarrhal processes. The decisive factor is the rapid change of temperature from 20 to I every 2-3 minutes At oil inhalation mucous membranes are thin layer of oil that protects them from harmful action of mechanical and chemical substances, reduce the suction from the surface of mucous membranes and protects the body from toxic substances. If light zapisatsja asbestos or cement, oil inhalation are not shown; inhalation of oil mist may cause formation of traffic jams, subsequently causing blockage of the bronchus. Oil inhalation with the addition of 1-5% menthol, which has an analgesic and bactericidal action, apply after damp inhalations with acute and chronic catarrh of the respiratory tract.
Apply and Solanaceae inhalation, which is sprayed into the smallest dust 10% solution of sodium chloride. Passing in a special channel, where an electric fan forced hot air, dissolved salt in the form of dry tiny crystals comes into the room where the sick. Diameter crystals is many times smaller than the diameter of the bronchial tubes, so they can penetrate into the alveoli.
Indications: chronic and subacute catarrh of the respiratory tract shown salt inhalations, with strong irritation of mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract - heat and humidity. In chronic, so-called dry, the Cathars - oil inhalation, in acute and chronic catarrh of the upper respiratory tract with abundant education dry crusts heat and humidity, alkaline inhalations with the addition of painkillers on indications (pain). Most often recommended combined inhalation - first heat and humidity, and after them oil. Produced inhalation daily for 5-10 minutes On the course of treatment is prescribed 20-22 session.