Acute renal failure

Acute renal failure occurs in the poisoning nephrotoxic poisons (antifreeze, mercuric chloride, dichloroethane, tetrachloride carbon , and so on), haemolytic poisons (vinegar essence, copper sulphate), as well as long and deep collapse on the background of other intoxication.
An important factor in the treatment of patients with acute renal failure is a constant control of water-salt balance (diuresis, electrolytes plasma, chlorides). Of particular importance are re perirenal procaine blockade and intravenous glucose-procaine mixture (5% glucose solution 300 ml of glucose 40% solution in 50 ml, novocaine 2% solution 30 ml)and alkalization of plasma (300 ml of 4 % solution of sodium bicarbonate in Vienna).
Surgical methods for treatment of acute renal failure, hemodialysis (emergency in the cases increasing giperkaliemii), peritoneal dialysis (see).