Elecampane

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Fig. 16. Elecampane (top part of a flowering plant; bottom right - rhizome with roots and the base of the stem).

Elecampane (Inula helenium L.) is a wild plant. Contains essential oil, main part of which is alantolactone. A decoction of the roots (20 : 200, 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day) is used as an expectorant for bronchitis and cough, inflammatory processes in the digestive tract, for excitation of appetite and improve digestion.
Elecampane is very popular in folk medicine, the most ancient healing agent, known since the time of Hippocrates, used extensively in a variety of diseases. According to legends he's got nine magical forces. Because so called elecampane. In medicine it is used for chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract and lungs, in some noncommunicable diseases of the stomach and intestines.
Elecampane in natural conditions is growing in places with the raised humidity of the soil. Fresh seeds can be sown or in autumn, or in spring. During the spring sowing they need to be stratified. For 2 - 2.5 months before sowing they should be mixed with wet sand (part 1 of seeds on 5 parts of sand) and stand at room temperature for two days. After that, their stand on the ice or buried in snow. Before sowing the seeds are dried on air. In well-fertilized loose soil sown a mixture of 1 g of seeds and 10 g superphosphate (the depth is 1 to 1.5 cm row spacing - 45 cm).
In the first year elecampane will develop only the socket of radical leaves, and the following spring, as soon as snow will descend, he will grow and bloom in July. In spring the plant should be fed with nitrogen and potassium fertilizers, soil, paraglide on depth of 8-10 cm