Artificial respiration

Artificial respiration artificial lung ventilation, substituting your own breathing. Apply artificial respiration if you stop or respiratory depression due to accidents (when the drowning, poisoning drugs, hypnotics means and others), stroke, traumatic brain injury, as well as by ingestion of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract. Artificial respiration is widely used in anesthesiology and intensive care, by deliberately turning off the skeletal and respiratory muscles of the patient. Artificial respiration during the days, months and even years used when lesions of the spinal cord and its roots (polio, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, myelitis).


Fig. 1. Artificial respiration mouth to mouth

If breathing has stopped, at home, on the street, on the beach etc., the most effective way mouth-to mouth (Fig. 1) or from the mouth to the nose. Taking the left hand for the lower jaw of the patient, right - parietal area or holding her nose, maximum zaprokidyvaya the head of the patient. This is the best position for the liberation of the respiratory tract from a stuck language. Then deeply inhale the air itself in the light and blown into the mouth or nose of the patient, again trying to breath for the next injection and so on
At first the producing of artificial breath to breath deeply and more frequently.
The control over correctness of ventilation: during the injection chest of the patient rises and falls rapidly during exhalation. If there is no heartbeat, 4-6 duvani noted the growing result of the face of the patient. Power blowing air into the lungs small - no more than inflation volleyball rubber camera. The main method: keep your head in the right position and create tightness in the breath. Not to touch the lips of the mouth and nose of the patient, it is necessary to impose on them a gauze napkin or handkerchief. It is more convenient, if you enter through the nostril patient's nasal cannula (or a rubber tube) to a depth of 6-8 cm and to inject the air through her, holding her mouth and another nostril patient.
You can also inject the air through a mask anesthesia apparatus, as the latter is very tightly applied to the face. Adding to it the hose, it is possible to produce artificial respiration, don't want to be patient. You can enter the victim normal oropharyngeal or S-shaped tip that is very well prevent the retraction of the language, but in essence the method of one - blowing air into the lungs of the victim. Intensive ventilation of lungs continue to the disappearance of cyanosis, and the emergence of sufficient own patient's breath. If you have and cardiac arrest, CPR alternating with external heart massage (see the Revival of the body). If the first attempt to blowing air into the lungs of the victim felt the obstacle, then quickly open your mouth and finger produce a revision of the oral cavity and pharynx and remove foreign body(see). In emergency situations, the method of artificial respiration mouth-to mouth or mouth to the nose indispensable.
Methods of artificial respiration, based on squeezing or stretching the hands of the chest of the victim, create insufficient breathing capacity, shall not relieve the respiratory tract from a stuck language, require great physical effort; the effectiveness of their in comparison with the method described above, is much smaller.artificial breath
Fig. 2. Methods for manual artificial respiration: 1 - Sylvester (left - breath, right - exhale); 2 - Nielsen (left - exhale, right - versa).
Artificial respiration method Sylvester (Fig. 2, 1): the patient lying on his back sharply raised outstretched arms up over her head, causing an elongation of the chest - breath, then abruptly put his folded hands on the chest and squeeze her exhale.
Artificial respiration method Sylvester - Throw: under shoulders enclose a pillow, causing drooping of the head and liberates the respiratory tract, in the rest of the method is similar to the first.
Artificial respiration method Nielsen (Fig. 2,2): the victim lying on his stomach (face down). Breath produce sharp lifting body shoulders in their lower thirds. Quickly lowered the victim and increase the depth expiratory pressure on the chest. From a large number of manual methods described are considered to be the best, but even they at least 2 times less efficient method of artificial respiration mouth-to mouth.

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