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The study divided and skeletal bodies

Good results in the establishment of facilities bones person or an animal gives a comparative anatomical method based on different anatomic-morphological structure of bones of human and animal species. Bone compare with certain bones of the skeleton of humans and animals.
If set, which is delivered to study the parts of a corpse or the bones belong to the person, it is necessary to solve the question: from one or more of the corpses did these objects. If all (or almost all) of part one of the dismembered corpse, then tries to solve this problem when mapping and studying of lines and planes separation of soft tissue, joints, and bones. For this purpose it is necessary to carefully examine the parts of a corpse or bone remains, to compare them, to install (if preserved soft tissue) antigenic properties, sex.
It should be borne in mind that part of the same dismembered corpse may appear at different times and in different places. Since before the discovery they can be in different conditions and subject to different influences (water, wind, temperature and other), the signs of putrefaction can also be expressed in varying degrees. In this regard, different severity of cadaveric changes does not exclude the possibility facilities parts of the corpse of one and the same person.
During examination of the dismembered corpse need to decide on the method of partition and the subject (the instrument), which it was produced. The dismemberment of the corpse may be the result of blunt objects with considerable mass and operating at high speed. For example, the corpse can be divided by rail transport wheels or when falling from a great height (in aviation injury). In these cases, the establishment of the mechanism of division does not pose special difficulties: it will testify as to the circumstances of the incident and specific or typical features of damage.
The solution of this issue considerably becomes complicated when the criminal division of the corpses. Expert practice shows that the corpse could be dissected by a sharp object (knife, dagger, axe, saw). If you are using cutting items, the division is made at the joints. When to divide use cutting or sawing items (axe or a saw), the lines of separation can take place and not at the joints.
The question about the mechanism of disintegration and the nature of the object used for this, is permitted on the basis of the study of division, state and peculiarities of the surfaces of a partition, the characteristics of the resulting damage to soft tissues, bone and cartilage.
When bone and cartilage find traces slip from the action of the subject who carried out the dismemberment of the corpse, created opportunities for the identification of a specific subject. In this connection it is necessary to carefully examine these tracks, make micrograph them, to make prints using silicone pastes and save the bones and cartilage with these traces for possible future comparative studies.
For the investigative authorities is very important to establish the identity of the person, the body was dismembered or skeletonema. The dismemberment or skeletization corpse significantly complicates the task of an expert in identification, although the identification of a corpse or bones, use the same methods as when the identification by the corpse. Of particular importance is the study and description of the features of the head and face, and in some cases when a person sharply changed putrefactive processes or deliberately disfigured criminal, appropriate restoration of the body.
In the examination process, you must install gender, age, growth, features of a structure of a body and its parts, serological properties. To determine sex at skeletonmom the corpse use the bones of the skull, pelvis, having distinct sexual features.
In the absence of these bones floor can be determined by other bones - sublingual, sternal, collarbones, shoulders, ribs, in respect of which also during the scientific development established their sexual characteristics. Age can be installed on the bones of the skull, teeth, bones of the limbs (see Chapter 41).