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The study divided and skeletal bodies

  • The exhumation and examination of the corpse
  • Forensic medical examination dismembered and skeletal bodies is one of the most complex and has specific features.
    The dismemberment of the body is possible when the train injuries from rolling wheels through a human body, aviation accidents, explosions of ammunition or explosives, occasionally for road injury. In addition, there are the so-called criminal division (Fig. 4)when the murderer in order to conceal the crimes that splits the corpse of the victim (sharp objects - knife, dagger, axe, a saw), puts its separate parts into water, latrines or other designated places them burial.
    In the practice of forensic medicine and criminology cases dismemberment of the corpse subdivided into two types.
    The first is characterized by the separation of parts of a corpse to impede the identification card (the decapitation, destruction of special signs - of scars, birthmarks , and so on), and also for simplification of transportation and concealment of parts of a corpse (defensive dismemberment).
    The division can be made a mentally sick person, when the so-called sexual murders. In such cases the offender, bezobrazova corpse, cuts the genitals, Breasts, internal organs (offensive dismemberment).
    For a forensic medical examination may be submitted as a separate part, or the whole body. Nature and scope of forensic research in these cases determined by the situation found during the investigation parts of the body, as well as the issues on resolution of the expert.
    After the death of a man during a certain period is skeletization corpse, i.e. the destruction of the soft tissues up to their complete disappearance by rotting or exposure to animals.
    Depending on the state of the organism at the time of death (age, presence of diseases, the nature of health services), the cause of death, external conditions after the death of the terms of skeletization different. So, when the burial of a corpse in the land of the terms of skeletization on average from 3 to 7 years, depending on the season and depth of burial, type and physico-chemical properties of soil, method of disposal (in the coffin or without, with or without clothing service, single or in a common grave). When the corpse on the air skeletization comes much faster.
    Conducting research with expertise dismembered and skeletal bodies can be divided into three stages: 1) study of the circumstances (detection dismembered or skelettierung corpse) and materials of the investigation of the case; planning the sequence of the expert activities and research; 2) the forensic investigation dismembered corpse, parts thereof or of skeletal remains; 3) laboratory and (comparative analysis and identification) forensic medical and physical-technical study for establishing identity in parts of the dismembered or skelettierung corpse or bone remains, and for the determination of the subject (guns), which was dismembered corpse, determine if the chemical (toxic) substances in parts of the corpse.
    Initially, the expert will have to solve the questions: are owned or part of the body (the bones), submitted for examination, a person or an animal, and what is their anatomical affiliation. In many cases, these issues are addressed in the anatomic-morphological features even when the outer study if putrid changes slightly expressed or bone remains, submitted by the group of bones or one, but a bone. If parts of a corpse significantly damaged or mutilated after death processes, this makes it difficult to determine their specific anatomical facilities. Establish the origin of the parts from the body of a human or animal (and if an animal, what it is) through the reaction of precipitation (if preserved soft tissue), conduct comparative anatomical study of the bones, exploring their microscopic structure.
    the criminal division of the dead
    Fig. 4. The criminal division of the corpse (a, b).