Forensic medical study of the corpse

  • External examination of a corpse
  • Internal investigation of a corpse
  • Depending on the goals and objectives there are two types of examination of the body - forensic-medical and pathological.
    The autopsy study performed in relevant departments of hospitals, specialists in the field of pathological anatomy.
    Forensic medical examination (examination) of the corpse produces a forensic expert (or the doctor-expert). In procedural against decided to allocate a forensic medical examination and forensic medical study of the corpse.
    A forensic medical examination made on the basis of the investigator or the court, i.e. when a criminal case is instituted. Forensic medical study of the corpse on the basis of the relations of bodies of inquiry, i.e. an autopsy is performed for the purposes of confirmation or exclusion of a violent death.
    The difference between the evaluation and study of the corpse lies only in their procedural design, goals, objectives and techniques of opening of the same type. Forensic medical examination of the corpse of the issue in the form of "expert Opinion", the study - "the forensic-medical examination of the body".
    Forensic medical examination (examination) of the corpse has a number of features that distinguish it from postmortem examination of the body. So, the tasks of the forensic expert is detailed diagnostic study of the corpse of the phenomena (for example, for the establishment of limitation of death). He conducts research service and examination of material evidence, delivered to the corpse, identifies objects for laboratory examination. A forensic autopsy is produced in different terms after death, sometimes very distant (months, years). The subject of forensic study may be the remains or part of the body, sometimes after earlier studies, as well as the corpses of unknown persons Forensic expert by the time production examination of the body does not always have preliminary information that characterizes the circumstances of death, as well as data of medical documents.
    Objects for mandatory forensic medical examination are:
    1) the bodies of persons who died from any violent actions (with, the mechanical asphyxia, poisoning, drowning, high and low temperatures, electrical shock and other), as well as in the circumstances in which it is possible to suspect violent death, irrespective of the kind and place of death (including hospitals);
    2) the bodies of persons who died in health facilities, with an unknown diagnosis of the disease, if adopted by the bodies of investigation of complaints against the illegal or improper treatment and made the decision about conducting a forensic medical examination;
    3) the bodies of the persons brought to the hospital already dead;
    4) the bodies of persons who died suddenly (regardless of place of death)when the cause of death is doctor of the medical institution is not set and "Medical death certificate is not issued;
    5) the bodies of persons whose identity is not established.
    The study of the corpse perform forensic morgues or in adequate premises. Autopsies usually produce no earlier than 12 hours after death. However, in the scientific-practical purposes is permitted to perform an autopsy before, upon a finding by the doctors of biological death.
    The transportation of the corpse, as well as physical evidence in forensic morgue provide representatives of bodies of inquiry or the Prosecutor, which should take measures for security of these items in the original condition. Simultaneously with the corpse should be sent to the resolution on the production expertise (or other accompanying document), as well as the copy of the Protocol of examination of the corpse to the place of its discovery. If the corpse came from a medical institution, then be sure to have the original medical records.
    Registration of corpses that come to the morgue, is made in a special journal. In the morgue magazine has to register the service, material evidence and other items are delivered to the corpse. The corpses received by forensic morgue, must be in conditions that ensure their safety and security.
    The study of the corpse should be done only when sufficient natural light. The use of artificial lighting is highly undesirable, because it distorted shades of colors that can affect the quality of diagnoses and judgments. To ensure complete examination of the body it is desirable that it was carried out by an expert, who participated in the examination of the corpse to the place of its discovery. This allows to compare data of the survey with the results of the autopsy. In the study of the corpse must be present the representatives of bodies of inquiry or investigation. Doctors treating the patient before death, are allowed only with the permission of the investigating authorities.
    Forensic medical examination of the corpse consists of familiarization with preliminary information about the circumstances of death, external and internal investigations, laboratory tests and registration of the relevant document.
    Preliminary information about the circumstances of death can be obtained from the decision of the investigator on appointment of expertise, the report of survey of a corpse on a place of detection, medical history, patient card and other medical documents delivered to the morgue with the corpse or claimed by the expert. Important information can be obtained from the survey of relatives of the deceased or other persons who observed the circumstances and conditions of death. If communicate information relevant to the investigation, they are subject to legal registration.
    When a violent death is necessary to clarify the nature of the force of the external factor, the position of the victim in this case, his subsequent actions. If you suspect that the death was due to poisoning, you should specify information about the type and amount of toxic substances, drugs, foods and beverages that are consumed died shortly before death, poisoning symptoms (nausea, vomiting, convulsions, and so on).
    When sudden death is to find out the disease, who were diagnosed, complaints before death, objective evidence of the disease, etc.