From the medical antiquity

Chronicle record for 1485 year announces the arrival in Moscow of the German doctor, called Anton. When he died his noble patient, the Prince's son, he was taken under the bridge over the Moscow river and there were slaughtered like sheep. The sad fate in 1490 Italian doctor of Leon - he could not cure his son Grand Prince Ivan Vasilyevich, and Leon was beheaded.
In the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich at the service were adopted 8 doctors, 5 doctors and 4 of the pharmacist. All representatives of medical estate submitted to the special boyar, called him the pharmaceutical boyar. In treatment of the king watched a special man of his bosom; and when the head of state was required to give the medicine, first tried it a doctor, then a special boyar, after his uncle the king, and then himself. There was a case, when Dr. Rosenberg was forced to drink a whole bottle of the drug itself, because close to the Queen of the wives of boyars it caused nausea.
This episode goes back to 1676, "remarkable" that the overseas doctors have access to female, Tsaritsyno half of the Palace.
At the dawn of medical practice in Russia boyar, received high attention, asked the king of mercy - not to be treated by a visiting doctor.
Gradually in Russian society established a clear medical estate. The top of it was occupied by doctors trained in foreign universities and treating internal diseases.
Healers worked surgery, pharmacists knew their business.
Here were barbers, rudomet, would allow the blood, manual therapists, herbalists.
From the doctor he had certain qualities that the sight of the eyes open staring heart was brave and slow, the hand that was easy and trembled. Visitor druggist Philip Shaving, animalcams on the Royal service exams from 45 questions.
But a genuine, fundamental transformation of medical Affairs in the country began in the epoch of Peter the great, filled with all kinds of innovations. There was a special type of medical schools on the basis of large hospitals. This form of training of doctors successfully combined theory with practice.
In 1799 hosted the students of the capital's Medical-surgical Academy. And lasted eight to ten years - until 1808.
In the five years before this event was a first medical journal in the Russian language. But soon as it was closed because the Church censorship found on its pages "some relationship to faith and Church rites, especially in the use of lean and non-Lenten food during diseases.
With regard to these questions, then the clergy were discovered in them a strong determination.
In Russia, as elsewhere, medicine and religion have long represented two hostile camps.