Rape (article 117 of the criminal code). Rape is one of the most serious crimes.
Under rape understand sexual intercourse committed without the consent of the victim, by use of physical or mental (the threat of) violence or with use of a helpless condition of the victim.
When studying the circumstances of the rape must carefully analyse the conditions that contributed to the Commission of violent sexual intercourse: wilderness, surprise attacks, confusion women, fatigue, pain, fear, coming physical weakness and helplessness women, use of drugs and, finally, threats. When the rape of a minor is not only physical weakness raping, but ignorance of the protection techniques, and relatively quickly upcoming loss of the ability to resist.
There are cases of gang rape, when one rapist produces intercourse, while others eliminate the resistance women that can eliminate the traces of physical effects on the body of the victim. When a gang rape sexual intercourse is repeated, the need for laboratory differentiation of origin sperm from different faces.
Rape by use of a helpless condition can occur, for example, when physical weakness women as a result of disease, with fainting, a state of shock, a fit, if any deformities, mental illness, condition artificially induced sleep, alcohol and other
One of the most important conditions of expertise in cases of rape is its timely production, because the delay may destroy evidence (traces of sperm and others), and obtained during mating, the damage may lose its original appearance or even isparitsya. Important detailed clarification of the circumstances of the incident, in particular the nature of the resistance provided by the woman abuser. Very appropriate forensic medical expert examination of the scene, which allows to clarify the circumstances of the incident and qualified to confiscate material evidence.
In the production of forensic medical examination in cases of rape, it is necessary to solve the following questions:
1. Violated anatomic integrity of the hymen and what is the prescription disturbances. Does hymen in its structure the possibility of sexual intercourse without breaking anatomic integrity?
2. There are credible signs of a former sexual intercourse?
3. What are the consequences caused the woman to have sexual intercourse?
4. Are there on the body of the victim bodily injury and what their character, localization, mechanism of formation, duration, severity?
Before proceeding to the examination of the body and genitals of the victim, it is necessary carefully to ask her about the circumstances of the incident.
In each case examination about rape, you must first look for evidence of a fuck. We must remember that rape may be accompanied by sexual abuse. It is necessary to examine the whole body of the victim to address the issue of corruption, the mechanism and the limitations of their infliction.
Specific signs are definitely proving the physical impacts of rape does not exist. However, abrasions, bruises and wounds on the inner surfaces of the thighs, in the genital area may be accompanied by rape. Damage to the neck, hands, arms, back, around the mouth characteristic of fighting and self-defense.
Expert evaluation are and the consequences that could result from violent intercourse; these include physical and mental injury, pregnancy, infection with venereal disease, suicide and other
Important in the investigation of rape have skillful and timely seizure of material evidence and immediately forward them to the forensic laboratory. During the inspection service of the victim carefully describe the damage, as well as traces of blood, sperm, vaginal secretions and hair.
During the examination in cases of rape, it is necessary to examine a suspect for detection of damages in the result of the fight, the blood of the victim to the sex organs, nails and other parts of the body and hair is the victim and other physical evidence. It is reasonable to offer the suspect in the rape to remove all clothing and consistently to examine the individual parts of the body.
Sometimes there are false or unfounded charges of rape, even accompanied by self harm. The motives may be very different - the revenge, selfish goals, false memories, hallucinations, and sometimes an honest mistake in the assessment of qualification of fact, etc.