How can you protect the child from infectious diseases

The fight against infectious diseases should be carried out in two directions: first, it should by all means to strengthen the child's body and improve its resistance to diseases, including infectious, and, secondly, to try to protect the child from meetings with infectious patients.
Basic conditions conducive to increasing the body's resistance to various diseases: hygiene of the child, full, age-appropriate diet and proper, reasonable, his education. All of them are well known, but there are still a number of prejudices that hinder the conduct of these conditions in life.
The first hygienic requirement is probably more children in the fresh air: a walk in any weather, frequent airing sleep in the open air or at the open window leaves all year round. These activities are often not respected because of fear of the cold. Don't need too cool baby, but even more damaging wrap and over the fence from the slightest fluctuations of temperature. It pampers the body, deprive him of the opportunity to adapt to temperature fluctuations and thus predispose to disease. The air temperature in the room where the weakened children and the children of the first months of life, should be 18-20 degrees. Healthier children after 5-b months of life feel good and at a temperature slightly below the specified one. Under the influence of fresh air the child's breathing becomes deeper, improves gas exchange. Children, a lot of time to spend outdoors, less likely to get sick, and if sick, sick easier.
Reasonable hardening of the body, starting from the first months of a child's life, is one of the most important factors increasing the body's resistance.
The second condition is regular hygienic baths (daily bathing children of the first months of life) and the so-called air and sun baths. The latter could also be done from the first months of a child's life, after consulting with a doctor consultation.
Increased resistance to the child's body promotes full, of a sufficient quantity and quality of nutrition of the child, always at certain hours. No need to force feed the child, to persuade him, threats and punishment if he does not eat. Poor appetite cannot in between feedings to give the child sweets and fruits. All this must be timed to strictly certain hours of feeding.
Only a correct mode of feeding is possible to establish the child's appetite.
Third obligatory condition of increase of resistibility of the organism of children infectious diseases is the correct mode of education, reasonable sleeping and waking. The child should go to bed and stand always in the same hours, in the same hours to walk, play, exercise, etc.
Calm attitude to children by parents and other adults, without excessive tenderness, but without outcries and nervousness, provides a normal development of the nervous system of the child's body. Of great importance is the presence of children in the children's team, where common games, contact with peers support vigorous, cheerful mood, which contributes to the normal development and also increases the body's resistance to all the harmful influences of the environment.
The observance of all these activities help to raise healthy, physically and mentally healthy child, the body which are more resistant to all external harmful effects, including to infectious diseases.
In addition to the listed conditions that increase the overall stability of the body, conducting appropriate vaccinations promotes the development of specific immunity to a number of infectious diseases.
Currently in the Soviet Union have full vaccines, introduction of which provides specific immunity against such diseases as smallpox, diphtheria, whooping cough, polio. The result is systematically carried out vaccinations in the Soviet Union completely eradicated smallpox, in recent years almost eliminated the incidence of polio, in a number of cities almost completely eliminated the incidence of diphtheria (Leningrad, Rostov-on-don), reduced the incidence of whooping cough.
In the fight against infectious diseases important is the protection of the child from the meeting with contagious patients. In fact, in many ways can help parents.
A very important measure for preventing spread of infectious diseases is the earliest isolation of the patient. At the slightest suspicion of a communicable disease, even before arrival of the doctor it is necessary to separate the sick from the healthy children and to warn others about the disease, and as soon as possible to inform about the illness of a child in a nursery or daycare, if ill visited them. All of these can be prevented from infecting a large number of other children and to prevent the spread of the disease.
More detailed information about an alert each disease will be given in the relevant chapters of the book; here, summing up all the above, we consider it necessary to say that in the struggle with children's infectious diseases of great help health authorities can and should support parents and employees of children's institutions.
The conscious and active participation of broad sections of the population will help the authorities not only to decrease the incidence of infectious diseases, but also to completely eliminate some of them.