The stones of the urethra

Stones can enter the urethra from above urinary tract kidney, bladder - or formed in the channel, which happens very rarely. In the first case, they shall be urine stream out soon after getting into the urethra or get stuck in it.
In the urethra stones are formed behind strictures, fistulas, in diverticulum. They are, as a rule, phosphates or carbonates.
The stones of the urethra or cause full of urine, or difficulty urinating with urine dropwise or sluggish thin stream. The stones part in a bubble, part back in the urethra (the shape of an hourglass), can cause partial incontinence because the sphincter constantly revealed. Stones posterior urethra cause pain when sitting and walking.
A long stay of stones in the urethra causes inflammation and his bedsores wall, education parauretral abscesses and fistulas. Stones posterior urethra may be complicated by prostatitis. The stagnation of urine caused by the stone, and secondary infection can cause hydronephrosis, pyelonephritis or aposematism jade.
Stones hanging and bolotnoe of the urethra be felt through the outer skin. Metal bougie touches an obstacle on a particular area, gives the feeling of friction on the foreign body. The most accurate representation of localization and size of the stone can be obtained by x-ray.
A stone lying in scaphoid the hole, or close to it, you can extract tool. If this fails, make meatotomy - dissection outer holes on the bottom panel and remove the stone. If the stone is in the back of the urethra and is not too large, it can push through a thick metal bougie in a bubble and then produce kamnedrobilniy.
If such activities cannot relieve a patient from the stone of the urethra, produce outer retalitatory, i.e. remove the stone through an incision urethra over him. Surgical removal of stones posterior urethra is opened through the bladder.