Quarantine, Karantinnaya

Quarantine, Karantinnaya - system of measures, aimed at prevention of spread of communicable disease of epidemic hearth and liquidation of the centre. Karantinnaya involves isolating a team in which there was an infectious disease, hospitalization of patients, medical surveillance of people who come into contact with infectious patients. Quarantine may be imposed on an apartment, a hostel, a kindergarten or school, on the whole settlement or even the district.
Quarantining may be subject to separate livestock farms, herds, flocks and even whole areas with occurrence in animals epizootic diseases.
Quarantine measures are particularly important at the borders of the country because of the risk of importation of especially dangerous infectious diseases (cholera, smallpox, yellow fever, and others; see the Sanitary protection of the territory).
Wide application of quarantine finds in the daily practice of sanitary and epidemic control authorities upon the occurrence of infectious diseases in child care institutions and in organized groups: hostels, military units, transports and other Quarantine institution provides for the cessation of new children and their transfer from one group, the isolation of patients with unknown diagnosis, active case detection, and so on, Karantinnaya depending on the nature of infectious diseases, along with isolation may be accompanied by a sanitary treatment, vaccination, seroprotective, vasoprotective, bacteriological examination, disinfection activities etc.
However quarantine in full is usually carried out only in case of especially dangerous diseases.
Cm. also the Isolation of infectious patients.