Kidney diseases

Pages: 1 2

Disorders of blood circulation in the kidney can be caused by both local and common causes. Thrombosis renal artery occurs in atherosclerosis, endocarditis, causes the termination or reduction of blood supply to the kidneys. Signs of thrombosis - a sharp pain in the abdomen, fever, oliguria, and in severe cases, anuria.
Acute renal failure develops as a result of a poisoning with poison and toxic effect at the kidney tissue.
During acute renal failure there are four stages. The first is for beginners, or shock, characterized by a reduction in the formation of urine due to lower blood pressure and a rapid worsening of blood circulation in the kidney. The second stage is oligomenorea in which the patient's condition remained severe, headaches, nausea, vomiting, language dry, lined. Pulse frequent, weak filling, shortness of breath. The number of daily urine is significantly reduced, the share of urine is reduced. Patients complain of lower back pain; decreases the amount of hemoglobin, increases in deficiency, and is growing rapidly residual nitrogen in the blood. If not death in the second stage from uremia (see), acute renal failure goes into the third stage is the restoration of diuresis, during which the number of urine increases, it becomes polyuria, accompanied by a low specific gravity of urine. The residual nitrogen in the blood remains high, but slowly declining. In this stage is especially dangerous infectious complications. As recovery of kidney function acute renal failure goes to the fourth phase of full recovery, at which the restore function of the kidneys, residual nitrogen in the blood comes to the norm, the number and proportion of urine normalized.
Treatment of acute renal failure by using apparatus artificial kidney (see), peritoneal dialysis (see), exchange blood transfusion (see). In the treatment of acute renal failure is of great importance of proper patient care: skin care, oral hygiene, compliance with water and food regime (see Jade).
Washing of the gastrointestinal tract is widely used for chronic kidney failure, which develops when nephrosclerosis (see), nephritis, pyelonephritis (see).
Acute purulent inflammatory diseases of the kidneys: epistemology jade, abscess and carbuncle kidneys, develop due to violations of the outflow of urine and kidney infection with staphylococci aureus, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus spp. In the cortical layer buds are formed small abscesses, surrounded by swelling and haemorrhages. Surrounding the kidney fat capsule swollen, infiltrated.
For apostatizing jade heavy. Onset of acute - temperature up to 40 degrees, the stunning chills with drenching sweat, growing pains in the lumbar region respectively affected kidney, sharply positive symptom of Pasternatskogo. Increases intoxication with vomiting, headaches and fatigue, facial features sharpened. Language dry, thickly furred bloom. Belly often tense in the area of corresponding sick kidneys. In the study of blood revealed leukocytosis, increase of residual nitrogen. When aposematism nephritis may not be Jurii or she expressed little.
In the diagnosis apostatizing jade great value has x-ray examination - in overview radiograph reveals enlarged kidneys, surrounded by like a halo of depression due to the swelling of fat capsules. On the excretory programmah function of sick kidneys significantly violated. When retrograde pielografii, made at the time of the patient's breathing on the patient side - clear shadow of the pelvis and cups due to the immobility of a kidney-affected by purulent process.
Treatment apostatizing jade most patients operational. The nature of the operation depends on the degree of changes in the kidney and causes of the disease. Most often produce decapsulation kidneys, drainage of renal bed and pelvis of the kidney. Surgically treat also parametric (see) - acute purulent inflammation in perinephral tissue.
During treatment patients injected with saline solution, 5% glucose, produce a blood transfusion and conduct intensive therapy by antibiotics.