Bowel disease

Among diseases of the intestines, most often found colitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the colon, hepatitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of thin intestines and enterocolitis-inflammation of the mucous membrane of the intestines. These inflammatory processes can wear acute and chronic. Their reasons varied. The main reason is hit in the gastrointestinal tract pathogens (dysentery coli, Salmonella, Giardia). Equally important in the development of chronic colitis has secretory insufficiency of the stomach, pancreas and small intestine. Sometimes the basis of development of colitis lies nervous-reflex mechanism. Various diseases of the stomach, biliary tract and pelvic reflex can cause spasms, contributing to the stagnation of the intestinal contents and pererastaet intestinal mucosa. To cause colitis may lead to violations of food and sedentary lifestyle.
Common symptoms of colitis are a pain cramping in nature, diarrhea, rarely-constipation. Patients treat colitis diet food, anti-inflammatory drugs, mineral water, means of medical physical culture.
Important role in the success of treatment of physical exercise plays a correct choice of initial conditions - depending on the period of exercise and motor mode. So, with spastic colitis on bed rest (I period of employment) the provisions of lying on the back with their legs bent at the knee joints feet, and on her knees, on all fours. Such provisions help relax the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall and a favourable effect on the pharmacokinetics pressure. Physical exercises in the source standing contraindicated, because the load in this case, helps to raise the tone of the intestinal muscles. Contraindicated also exercises in lying position with lifting and lowering of direct feet and other exercises for the abdominal muscles, as they strengthen spastic phenomena in the intestine.
At the improvement of the General condition of the patient and the attenuation pain begins the second period of sessions medical physical culture. General developmental and special exercises are performed in a slow and middle tempo in all original locations. The emphasis is on relaxation exercises. Effectively relaxes the muscles of the intestine segmental massage.
In atonic colitis in the first period of sessions, it is recommended to perform the exercises from different starting positions, with heavy load, power elements. However, you should comply with the principles of gradual increase of the load, differential approach to the choice of gymnastic exercises, to take account of patient response to exercise.
In the II period of exercise considerably expands the range of holistic and special exercises. It is recommended that frequent change of initial conditions.
In the phase of remission (III period) are included exercises with the shells, special exercises for the abdominals, dosed walking.
The technique of medical physical culture at enteritis and enterocolitis depends on the disease stage and is built similar methodology when gastritis and colitis.
A common symptom of many diseases of the intestines are constipation - long delay stomach emptying. There are constipation atonic and spastic. First develop as a result of the weakening of the intestine muscular layer, the latter due to a prolonged reduction circular muscle fibers. Development of constipation may contribute to decreased physical activity, overstrain of the nervous system, monotonous food, the intake of certain toxic substances. Constipation should be treated as a common disease of the whole body. When patients complain of weakness, headaches, lower efficiency, weakness of memory. Constipation contribute to the development of stagnation and varicose veins of the rectum, therefore, can be one of the causes of hemorrhoids.
For constipation, spastic nature patients who are on bed rest, at first it is recommended to use a gentle effect of physical exercise, promotes the normalization of motor function. On the background of General-strengthening exercises are widely introduced special exercises with diaphragmatic breathing (with movements and without movement), exercise in relaxation. When patients are transferred to pruposely mode (II period) in classes more widely included exercises for the abdominal muscles, but without natureline.
In studies with patients suffering from atonic constipation, bed rest (I period) except exercises General developmental nature use special exercises, enhancing peristalsis of the bowel: exercises for the abdominal muscles and pelvic floor in combination with a deep massage of the abdomen. The duration of physiotherapy sessions is 15-20 minutes In the second period of sessions is a large number of exercises for the abdominal muscles and pelvic floor with deep diaphragmatic breathing. Shows the frequent changes of the assumptions that bends, turns, jumps, running. The duration of studies is increased to 30 minutes
In the third period, in addition to therapeutic exercises are recommended Hiking and ski walks, play volleyball and tennis, swimming, boating.