Climate treatment and tempering

Climate therapy involves the extensive use of natural factors of the locality or the climate of the resort, the conduct of special procedures (air, sun bathing, swimming and others) in therapeutic and prophylactic purposes with strict dosage them depending on the state of health and age of children, the weather conditions. Depending on the combination of basic climatic factors (air temperature, humidity, wind, barometric pressure, solar radiation and other) distinguish the climate is seaside, mountain, steppe, forest.
The climate is sea coasts is widely used for the treatment and health improvement of children. Southern coast of Crimea (Alushta, Yalta, Alupka) and North-Western part of the Caucasian Black sea coast (Anapa, Gelendzhik, Kabardinka) are characterized by favourable weather conditions with moderately hot, Sunny and dry summer and autumn, mild winter. Acclimatization here is relatively easy. Aerotherapy can be carried out round the clock in almost throughout the year, Thalasso - and for 4 months. Positive results of treatment are indicated for diseases of the respiratory, musculoskeletal, nervous and cardiovascular systems.
The Western coast of Crimea, Evpatoria, Feodosia; and others), as well as the southern coast of Ukraine (Odessa, Kherson and others) combines features of both the seaside and steppe climate. Climatic factors have a stronger effect coaching. Positive results of treatment in adequate dosages of sea bathing, asro-heliotherapy, mud treatment are observed in many diseases of internal organs, nervous system, locomotor apparatus.
Seaside climate in Sochi area is sub-tropical. The combination of thalassotherapy and being sulfide waters provides a high efficiency of treatment of diseases of the skin, joints, nervous system, rheumatism.
Seaside climate of the Baltic States (Jurmala, Palanga, Kemeri, Kaliningrad, Sestroretsk and other) differs cool climate, summers are moderately warm, winter is mild. All along the coast, discover sandy beaches, backed by extensive sea pine forest. The climatic conditions in the summer months a positive effect on the course of diseases of respiratory organs, nervous system, allergic reactions, rheumatism in the inactive phase.
The mountain climate of the resort Teberda, Abastumani, Issyk-Kul, Nalchik characterized by low atmospheric pressure, clean air, wealth of sun rays, by beautiful vegetation, moderately reduced partial pressure of oxygen in the air. He has a restorative, training effect, enhances redox processes, increases resistance to hypoxia, cooling, and other adverse effects. In the resorts with the same climate is observed therapeutic effect in diseases of the respiratory system, asthma and other respiratory diseases are allergic origin, in violation of the functions of the cardiovascular and nervous systems. Combined with the medicinal mineral water, mud mountain climate contributes to the positive therapeutic effect in diseases of the stomach, skin, joints.
The temperate climate of the forest zone covers a significant part of the territory of the USSR, is characterized by the average number of Sunny and rainy days, the absence of strong winds. Favorable weather conditions allow to carry out various forms of climatotherapy in summer and winter. The mild climate has practically no contraindications for the treatment of sick children, including those coming from the far North or South of Siberia. They all quickly acclimatise. The treatment in the sanatoriums of local and Republican resorts (Lipetsk, Morshyn, Ust-Kachka, Lake Bitter and others) is effective in the treatment of internal organs, nervous system, musculoskeletal apparatus, allergic and other
Steppe climate of Ukraine, the Northern Caucasus, Bashkortostan, although it has its own characteristics, characterized by an abundance of solar heat, dry summers and fairly cold winters, strong winds. This climate has a training effect, improves dermoadipose, metabolism, respiration. In combination with balneotherapy, mud cure, he has a good effect in case of diseases of respiratory organs, cardiovascular and nervous systems, gastrointestinal tract, joints.
A change of climate with sufficient adaptive opportunities of an organism has a positive tempering effect. Under favorable climate alone stay in new conditions is climatotherapy.
Climatic factors are constantly interact with the body and are a natural, biological. The change in air temperature, solar radiation intensity, pressure, speed of air movement, its chemical composition or the totality of climatic conditions cause reactive changes in the body of the child. With repeated exposure and a gradual increase in the intensity of external physical factors is the adaptation training systems, increased persistence of the organism, its resistance to unfavorable external and internal influences. In modern conditions of urban life, little children are outdoors. This leads to the fact that the thermoreceptors of the skin and mucous membranes lose their lability, reduced local and General protective reaction. Often even a slight cooling of the child leads to aggravation of infectious or pathologic process. Climate treatment and tempering can be arranged in any climatic conditions with appropriate equipment and methodology of aerosolyary depending on weather conditions, the children's age, character pathologies, the degree of fitness of the child to the cooling [Boksha Century BC, Bogutskiy B. C., 1980].
There are three main types of climate procedures: aerotherapy, heliotherapy, bathing.