Collection of monsters

Anatomical ideas Vesalius, his fame came to Russia. In the middle of XVII century Epiphanius Slavinezky known enlightener of his time, translated from the Latin "Extract" Vesalius. About this there is reliable account of his disciple the monk Evthymii Chudovsky, although the manuscript Slavinetsky have not yet found.
Russian edition of "Extraction" was carried out with the translation Amsterdam surgeon Fountain. How the book Fountain came to our country? The Soviet researcher N. A. Bogoyavlensky suggests that it did not come from the East. "...The Byzantine tract, - he writes, - "shameful" images usually do not come to Russia, where even putting the sign of the cross just below the navel was esteemed a great sin."
Most likely we owe it to the Dutch, while diligently traded with Russia. That is why the Netherlands was particularly interested in the great Embassy, which departed from Moscow in late February 1697.
It was unprecedented lush train. Two hundred and fifty people, including four court Charles, was accompanied by the group of volunteers, where under the guise of one of the foremen and under the name of Peter Mikhailov, hid himself Peter I.
This amazing king eagerly interested in everything new and unusual that he could see in a foreign country. First visited it in the theater. Visited the house "ceratopetalum and punitive", as they called orphanages and prisons. Wanted to see the house the mentally ill, where "people sitting of Murska and zenska semi wild and crazy vstupivshiy". And, of course, the king showed "the eighth miracle of light - unprecedented Museum anatomical preparations of work Ruysch, one of the attractions of Amsterdam.
The Russian Tsar was particularly impressed by the view of the child lying on the pillow. Its fresh and supple cheeks were flushed, as if he was asleep.
In this account book of the Russian Embassy preserved write: "Doktoro Ruusu that Casali anatomy, gift Sables".
At the end of the XVII century passion anatomy became the fashion. European sovereigns to pass enlightened, will had at the court of "his" anatomist. Many noble persons wanted after death be embalming, and a better specialist than Dutch anatomist and botanist Ruys, then it wasn't. He never revealed the secret of his masterly skill, but anatomical preparations of his work caused delight of visitors.
Museum Ruysch was a significant event. Numerous anatomical preparations of it especially vividly demonstrated the richness and diversity of the vascular system of the internal organs. Ruis found such branching, which has eluded previous researchers.
Returning home, Peter I have not forgotten the strange Museum. He sent Ruusu instances of lizards and worms and received in reply a letter of mass Zoological and Botanical guidance.
In 1717, during his second voyage to Holland, king bought the famous anatomical collection, and she took pride of place in his Kunstkamera.
Old inventory collection lists such drugs: "the head, from which the skull is removed and the brain brain containing his shirt and lots of stretching over him subtle nerves left in its natural form and position; many embryos by the size of a pinhead to completely formed of a baby; the meeting of the skin, muscles, brain, sensory organs, heart, intestines, stomach, large collection of monsters". So they named freaks. Their selection king particularly fond of.
After the decree from all over the country in the Kunstkammer was delivered dead and alive monsters, and they were soon a significant section of the Museum. Restless king decided to prove superstitious fellow citizens that sheep with two heads, sheep, whose eight legs, fused with each other babies - not that other, as the ugliness in the world of animals and people, the origin of which the most natural.
"The ignorant, tea, that such monsters born from the action of the devil, through witchcraft and the corruption that is something to be impossible... but from damage internal", - wrote contemporaries words of Peter I.
Russia had the largest collection drugs work Ruysch. In the last century in European museums they numbered units. Not so long ago collection Ruysch once again carefully examined. There are over nine hundred exhibits, and most of them still have their natural color.
The age of Peter I, generous to all kinds of innovations that have transformed and medicine. But about it hardly later.