Compress

Compress - medical bandage. The compresses are dry and wet.
Dry compresses made of several layers of sterile gauze covered with cotton wool and fixed bandage. Used to protect injuries (contusion, injury) from cooling and pollution.

the imposition of wet compresses
Fig. 1. Affixing the wet compresses: 1 - cold with fever; 2 - warming arthritis; 3 - warming during angina and laryngotracheitis; 4 - cool in some forms of heart rate; 5 - warm or hot at pains in a stomach (gastrointestinal, liver, kidney colic, etc).
a warming wrap
Fig. 2. A warm compress: 1 - a damp cloth; 2 - oilcloth or waxed paper; 3 - layer of cotton wool or flannel.

Wet compresses are warming, hot and cold. Placed them on the different parts of the body depending on the localization of the process (Fig. 1.).
A warm compress appointed as absorbable or distracting procedure in various inflammatory processes in the skin, joints, with angina, laryngotracheitis, pleurisy, as a painkiller in spastic pains in the abdomen. As a result, local and reflex action of heat tide comes in the blood, decreases pain sensitivity and increase metabolism. Compresses contraindicated dermatitis, violation of the integrity of skin abrasions.
The technique of blending warm compress (Fig. 2): a piece of cloth, folded in several layers, dipped in cool water, wring out and applied to the skin, top impose an oilcloth (compress paper or plastic film) larger than the soaked fabric, and the top is even more space, a layer of cotton wool or flannel. All three layers fix bandage tight enough, but so as not to interfere with blood circulation. After removal of the compress (6-8 hours) the skin should be cleaned with alcohol and tie warmed by the area dry, warm dressing. If you need to put a compress on the whole, the chest or abdomen, should be made from placemats and wool (batting) vest or wide belt; for wet layer fabric cut into appropriate shapes, but smaller. Medicinal poultice is the warming compress, which is reinforced by the addition of water of various medicinal substances (sodium hydrogen, ethanol and other).
Hot compress appointed for local heating of tissues. Under its influence, is the rush of blood, causing analgesic effect. Apply this procedure in spastic migraines, stenokardicheskie pain, colic: intestinal, kidney and liver. The technique of blending: cloth moistened with hot water (temperature 50-60 degrees), quickly press and impose on the desired area of the body, cover the top with oilcloth and warm woolen cloth. This compress change every 5-10 minutes
A cold compress is applied at a variety of local inflammatory processes; injuries; nasal and other bleeding, hemorrhoids, at heart to heart with capture 2-3 cm above the upper boundary, with fever and sudden mental institution (on the head). A cold compress, causing local cooling and contraction of blood vessels, reduces a blood and pain.
How to make a compress: a piece of cloth in several layers moistened in cold water (better with ice), slightly wring out and put on the corresponding area of the body. Every 2-3 minutes compress change, which is convenient to have two compress, one of which lies in cold water. Depending on the patient's condition, this surgery is performed within an hour or more.