Food for lactating women

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It is well known that the best food, providing infant normal development, is breast milk. However, it should be noted that this is true only under the condition that the mother is healthy and gets adequate nutrition. The food quality women during lactation is important not only for the health of the mother, but for the full value of breast milk and sufficient lactation. Numerous studies have established a direct dependence of chemical composition of breast milk from the quality of nutrition of the mother. Malnutrition women in breast milk can be sharply reduced levels of protein, fat, vitamins (several times below the norm).
On the other hand, the composition of breast milk can significantly improve, bringing in the diet of the mother appropriate correction. This is especially important enough content in the diets of lactating women of proteins, mineral salts and vitamins.
The need for nursing mothers in proteins averaged to 120 g/day, of which the share of animal protein should account for 60-70 %; fat intake should be 100-120 g/sut. Of these, 20 % of plant. The need for carbohydrates - 450-500 g/sut. Caloric intake nursing mothers should also be increased and, according to the recommendations of the Institute of nutrition of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR, to make average 3200 kcal/day. As in pregnancy, nursing mother needs more intake of minerals, especially calcium and vitamins.
Here is the recommended values are daily intake of vitamins for breastfeeding women:

 Thiamine - 1.9 mg 
 Riboflavin - 2.2 mg 
 Vitamin WB - 2.2 mg 
 Vitamin B12 is 4 mcg 
 Niacin (Niacin equivalent) - 21 mg 
 Folacin - 600 mcg 
 Ascorbic acid 80 mg 
 Vitamin a (retinology equivalent) - 1500 mcg 
 Vitamin E - 15 ME 
 Vitamin D - 500 ME 

To meet the above needs lactating women in essential nutrients driven approximate daily diet: meat or fish - 200 g, milk (in any form) - 1 l, cheese - 100-150 g, cheese - 20-30 grams, egg - 1 PC, vegetables - 500-600 g (potatoes not more than 200 g), fruit - 200-300, While the amount of fluid in the daily diet of the mother should not exceed 2 litres (including soup, milk, yogurt, juices, tea, etc), as excessive the use of liquid may deteriorate the quality of milk: reduced levels of protein, fat, vitamins, mineral substances.
Insufficient intake of fresh vegetables and fruits, especially in the winter-spring period, nursing women are advised to take vitamins, honey infusion, canned juices, fruit and berry canned food (juices, puree), frozen fruits and berries, dried fruit compote.
Lactating women is strictly prohibited the use of any alcoholic beverages, including beer. Unfortunately, to date among the population is widely believed that beer increases the number of breast milk. This view is incorrect. When drinking beer, like any other liquid, few can really increase the amount of milk, but its quality will deteriorate. At the same time alcohol (as in beer, it contains up to 3-6 %)easily passes into breast milk, and it negatively affects the health and development of the child. In children there are violations of the Central nervous system, there is increased anxiety can develop neurosis, and in severe cases there is a delay in mental development.