Red cross, Red Crescent

Red cross, Red Crescent (the societies of the USSR) - the organization of public health care. Only such societies fifteen, the number of the USSR Union republics - 11 societies QC, and 4 of society KP (in Azerbaijani, Uzbek, Turkmen and Tajik SSR). They are all United in the Union of societies QC and the Communist party of the USSR. QC and the Communist party of the USSR are part of the international red cross organization.
The red cross, the Red Crescent societies of the USSR shall act on the basis of the provisions and articles of Association, the principles which were developed in the decree of the CPC on August 7, 1918, signed Century I. Lenin.
The main directions of the activities, health education, health and defence, public assistance, health authorities, and international activities - participation in the work of the governing bodies of the International red cross and providing free assistance to populations affected by natural disasters (earthquakes, floods etc) and military actions. The main task of sanitary-educational work QC and KP is the promotion of medical and hygienic knowledge. This work is conducted in close connection with houses health education.
The red cross, the Red Crescent societies of the USSR along with the standing committees of health with the local Councils of deputies are the most mass organizations for healthcare assistance. The members of the society, mostly activists, under the direction of physicians and paramedical personnel involved in preventive and anti-epidemic measures, the promotion of donation, the preparation of the population for civil defense, learning the ways of protection against WMD and techniques for rendering of first aid with the defeat of nuclear, chemical weapons, promotion of medical and hygienic knowledge, particularly in providing first aid in case of accidents in the home and at work and nursing at home. There are special sections for special training activists. At the enterprises and in establishments, educational institutions, collective and state farms are established health posts and health teams (see Squad sanitary).
One of the important sides of the work of the SC and the Communist party of the USSR was also the training of nurses without discontinuing work. Finished the courses of the red cross received the title of nurses with unfinished secondary medical education.
At the head of the SC and the Communist party of the USSR is the Executive Committee of the Union of societies QC and the Communist party of the USSR (societies), in the republics of Central committees societies QC and KP, in areas of large cities, districts, regional, city and district committees. The direct management of the organizational and practical work of members of societies QC and KP carry out primary organization, created on production principle (factory, school, state farm, farm, etc). In the committees of the primary organizations and take an active participation of doctors, medical assistants, nurses.
During the great Patriotic war activists societies (medical orderlies, nurses stock) was of great assistance to the sick and the wounded at the front and in the rear.
The material base of the SC and the Communist party of the USSR is created mainly by collecting membership fees from tens of millions of members of the societies.