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Blood fluid

Antishock solutions with special medical purpose, see Protivosokovh liquids.
Protein hydrolysates (aminomethyl, hydrolysis, aminotropin etc) are mainly used as a tool for parenteral nutrition (see Protein hydrolysates).
Depending on the focus blood fluid divided into three groups: anti shock, detoxification and for parenteral nutrition.
To antishock blood liquids include: plasma, poliglyukin, gelatinol, gambini, polivinol and protivosokovh liquids special medical purposes; their use for the treatment and prevention of shock different origins, with acute blood loss for the rapid increase in volume of circulating blood.
To detoxification blood liquids include plasma, gemodez, polivinol, poliglyukin and rheopolyglucin. These blood fluid able to bind toxins directly into the blood stream and to neutralize them, apply them in toxic dysentery, dyspepsia, food toxic infection, sepsis.
In the group of blood fluids for parenteral nutrition are plasma protein hydrolysates, blood BC-8 These and other blood liquids used when it is impossible nutritional through the mouth, in the postoperative period, when preparing patients for surgery, depletion.
Given the division of blood fluids is very relative, because many of them have a complex activity. For example, drugs poliglyukina along with antishock and have detoxification effect; protein hydrolysates mainly perform nutritional function, but at the same time have some detoxication effect.
Absolute contraindications for the infusion of blood fluids not. The relative contraindications: throm, tromboembolia, heavy damage liver and kidneys, bronchial asthma, bleeding in the brain.
Injection technique. Before the injection, it is necessary to examine each vial of blood fluid. If there are cracks or damage capping solution is recognized unusable. It can not be used with rough suspension and flakes.
The heating of fluids before infusion is not produced. If the solutions taken from the refrigerator, it is necessary to hold for 30 minutes at room temperature. Equipment is being prepared as well as for blood transfusion (see). The choice of the method of introduction of blood fluid (intravenous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraosseous) depends on indication for injection, character input solution. Antishock and detoxification solutions can pour drip and jet. Blood fluid for parenteral nutrition pour in just drip, with a speed no more than 40 to 60 drops per 1 min. to Enter their first slowly (20 drops per 1 minute), in the absence of the reaction rate can be increased to 40 to 60 drops per 1 min. With the rapid introduction patients may experience nausea, vomiting, dizziness, palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, cyanosis, tachycardia, drop in blood pressure. At occurrence of these disorders, stop pouring blood fluids and urgently injected 10 ml of 0.25% solution novokaina, 10 ml of 10% solution of chloride calcium, 20 ml of 40% glucose solution, lobeline, heart funds. For prevention of these complications before infusion should be a sample on reactivity: after infusion of 25 ml of the preparation make a break for 2-3 minutes watching the state of the patient. If no reaction, you can continue infusion.
After the infusion of blood fluids whole system washed under running water within 5 minutes; rubber tubing knead fingers for better removal of traces of the solution; the equipment immediately subjected to sterilization (see) and store only in a sterile form.