There are swimming in natural water bodies (seas, rivers, estuaries, lakes and artificial reservoirs - outdoor and indoor swimming pools. Bathing in swimming pools is also used mineral and sea water. Physiological effects of swimming on the human organism is connected with the thermal, mechanical, and chemical (in the seas, salt lakes and estuaries) and water. When swimming in open water joins the favorable influence of the clean air, solar radiation and other factors. Bathing applied to preventive purpose of tempering the body, and also with medical and functional disorders of nervous system, some diseases of the cardiovascular system (miocardiodistrofia, compensated for heart disease, hypertension stage I, essential hypotension), respiratory, metabolic disorders (gout, obesity), anemia. Therapeutic bathing appointed with air temperature not lower than 20-22C and water not less than 18-20 degrees. Trained people can swim and when lower temperature. The duration of bathing first 2-5 minutes, then stay in the water increases to 10-15 min. Best time for bathing are the morning, from 9 to 12 h), after 1-1 .5 hours after Breakfast and evening (from 17 to 19 hours), not earlier than 2 hours after lunch. You can swim, 1-3 times a day. Young, perfectly healthy trained people can swim and in winter in open water.
Contraindications: arteriosclerosis expressed, depletion, cardiovascular and pulmonary-cardiac insufficiency of II-III degree, fever and acute inflammatory diseases, active tuberculosis, some skin diseases, the second half of pregnancy.
Cm. also Balneotherapy, Hydrotherapy.