Laryngitis

Laryngitis - inflammation of the larynx. There are regular (catarrhal) laryngitis, which affected the mucous membrane; submucosal (infiltrative) - struck and submucosal fabric; laryngeal angina (mainly affected lymphoid tissue of the larynx); phlegmonously - dissecting laryngitis - affected all the larynx.
Acute laryngitis occurs as an independent disease as a result of local or General cooling, overvoltage voice or common infectious diseases (influenza, acute catarrh, measles and other). Typical symptoms include hoarseness, rarely aphonia (see), sometimes a cough with little sputum. The General condition is almost not affected. When laryngoscopy (see) there hyperemia all of the mucous membrane of the larynx, sometimes individual sites, such as the vocal chords, a significant amount of mucus. Often (in children) is observed mainly defeat podvysotskogo Department of the larynx (see Croup).
Podslizistom laryngitis, along with blood-marked infiltration, often swelling.
If laryngeal angina marked: dryness in the throat, pain when swallowing, expressed hoarseness, fever, swollen lymph nodes, sometimes difficulty in breathing. When laryngoscopy is marked swelling and edema of the mucous membrane, in places visible inflamed follicles and small raids similarly follicular and lacunar tonsillitis (see).
Phlegmonously laryngitis flows with acute violations of the General condition. Body temperature increased to 38 degrees and above. Expressed hoarseness up to full aphonia. When phonation, and cough - sharp pain in my throat. With the defeat of the top departments of the larynx there podergivani, severe pain when swallowing. Often develops stenosis of the larynx (see Langostinos). When laryngoscopy marked: expressed infiltration and the narrowing of the entire larynx or its departments, hyperemia. When the abscess formation through the mucous membrane seep festering mass. Cervical lymph nodes are enlarged, painful to palpation.
Treatment. Silent mode. In acute laryngitis is recommended to speak in a whisper and only in necessary cases.
Inhalation alkaline solutions, pairs of menthol, eucalyptus, aerosols of antibiotics; compresses to the neck; infusion (doctor) of drugs in the larynx. In infiltrative and phlegmonously laryngitis, laryngeal angina, also, prescribe antibiotics and sulfonamides. Abscesses larynx reveal endolaringealnah. Stenosis of the larynx produce a tracheotomy (see).
laryngitis

Acute (left) and chronic laryngitis

Chronic laryngitis. There are catarrhal, hyperplastic and atrophic form. The main complaints - hoarseness, fatigue voice. In atrophic laryngitis, in addition,dryness in the throat. Chronic L. develops as a result of not ended acute process (often at non-observance of the regime of silence), with long-term violation of nasal breathing, as a result of occupational hazards.
Changes in the larynx fit the form of a process. In catarrhal - dominated catarrhal changes in hyperplastic - hyperplasia all mucosa or its individual sections. In atrophic laryngitis - pale mucous membranes, mucus, brown.
Treatment. Voice mode, the exception of the factors that contribute to the disease; inhalation of aerosols of antibiotics, alkali-oil solutions; UHF, inegalitarian, diathermy on the area of the larynx. Infusion (doctor) 1-2% solution of menthol in oil in the larynx, lubrication astringent and cauterizing means; in atrophic laryngitis - lubrication larynx Lugol solution in glycerine. When laryngitis is recommended to refrain from Smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages and annoying food (sour, salty and all).