Laser eye surgery

Laser eye surgery is a modern direction of ophthalmology allowing permanently solve the problem of weak vision with the help of surgery using the laser.

Before treatment, the doctor conducts a thorough examination to determine how your eyes are healthy and fit for laser surgery. If you wear contact lenses, you should stop wearing them at least two to six weeks before the actual treatment, depending on the type of contact lenses that you wear.
In preparation for the operation, the doctor conducts extensive examination of your eyes to laser processing, in order to accurately determine the extent of their health, the thickness of the cornea and the degree of visual defect. Once the examination is completed and the appointed day of treatment, you lie down on a special laser surgery. Then the doctor will use eye drops to numb your eye.

Surgery LASIK

In the first step of the procedure, the doctor creates a thin flap in the top layer of your cornea. During this time, your eyesight may be briefly interrupted because of increased eye pressure. Then the flap neatly folded to exhibit lower stratum corneum. At this stage you will be able to see, but all will be blurred.
For the next step, the doctor will suggest you concentrate your mind on the green light. Then begins the actual laser treatment. In connection with high speed laser surgery, the average time of treatment takes only a few seconds.
After laser surgery is completed, the flap is returned to its original position where it fully adheres to and works as a natural adhesive tape. Your eyes will now receive antibiotics in the form of eye drops to prevent infections. This treatment actually completed.
After the operation you will be able to see everything around is much better since your visual acuity increased noticeably, but some time eye can itch, and there is increased sensitivity to light. You should try not to strain your eyes, eyes need to rest and is not recommended such visual activities like reading or watching TV in the next few hours until your eyes still be healed.

Photorefractive keratectomy PRK (PRK)

When photorefractive keratectomy (PRK PRK), the laser is used to remove part of the Central cornea after previously outer epithelial layer has been moved to the surface. This method is usually applied in cases of minor refraction and astigmatism or even in patients with corneal are too delicate to withstand LASIK. The postoperative course of therapeutic lenses and eye drops is important and lasts several months.
PRK itself only lasts a few minutes and is performed under local anesthesia. PRK at a time usually occurs in one eye and the patient is ready to work and other activities within a week. Temporary therapeutic contact lenses used in the recovery process can cause itching, redness and pain in the operated eye, as occurs blurred vision, in varying degrees of severity. After the lens is permanently deleted and clarity is gradually improving and will stabilize within a few months.

IOL

For those patients who do not qualify as candidates for surgery LASIK, there is another solution to improve vision in the form of the IOL implantation (intraocular lenses). There are many possible reasons including for this purpose is a violation of refraction, or the existence of conditions and problems such as glaucoma, infection, extreme dry eyes or cataracts.
For these patients, a real alternative vision correction using an excimer laser is the surgical implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) in the eye to improve vision and to reduce dependence on glasses or contact lenses. IOL this is like a miniature lens is inserted into the eye to fix broken refraction. Intraocular lens can be implanted while preserving the natural lens (called phakic IOL) or natural lens can be replaced completely.