The mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises

At the diseases of digestion organs and disorders of metabolism in the complex of medical means the important role played by medical gymnastics.
Exercise affect the digestive system by type of motor-visceral reflexes. Short muscular load of low and medium intensity increase the excitability of the cerebral cortex of the brain, including food center that. in turn, stimulates the autonomic function, improves digestion, stimulates liver function, tones the muscles of the gallbladder. The abdominal muscles and diaphragm, as if massaging the abdomen, activate the functions of the digestive tract.
Intensive physical exercises have a dampening effect on digestion. This reduces the secretion of gastric juice, reduces acidity. Dampening effect of physical exercise more pronounced immediately after a meal, so the training load during this period can be a cause that is not only functional, but also organic disorders of the digestive system. In 1-2 hours after eating, physical activity even higher average intensity gives a positive effect. By this time, the reduced activity of the vagus nerve, which provides the motor and secretory functions of the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, knowing the nature of the violation of secretory and motor functions, and taking into account the phase of digestion, using a graded assignment physical activities of varying intensity to achieve the normal functioning of the digestive system.
Under the influence of physical exercises trophic processes of digestion organs - activates the blood supply of organs of abdominal cavity and decreases the amount deposited blood, which contributes to the attenuation of inflammation and speed up the process of regeneration.
The use of physical exercises with the purpose of treatment is also aimed at the formation of compensation (auxiliary device), which are provided by the mechanism of the motor-visceral reflexes. Having received signals about the dysfunction of the digestive organs, the Central nervous system rebuilds their work by improving compensatory mechanisms. Exercise also normalize the situation of displaced abdominal organs.
When metabolic disorders and diseases of the endocrine glands therapeutic effect of exercise is primarily due to the improvement of the trophic processes, which are based on changes of redox processes in the tissues under the influence of muscular activity. Exercise, increasing energy demands of the body, can alter the protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism, and thereby to contribute to the restoration of tissue structures.
Physical exercise have a tonic and normalizing effect on the organism, improving the neuroendocrine regulation and normalizes the motor-visceral reflexes.
Thus, the mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises on the digestive organs and systems, regulating metabolism, reduced to changes in the functional state of cerebral cortex of the brain and the tone of the autonomic nervous system.