The mechanisms of the therapeutic action of physical exercises

Exercise of their therapeutic use, reflex and humoral exciting respiratory centers, improve ventilation and gas exchange in the lungs. Normalization of gas exchange occurs not only by the influence of external breath, but tissue (improvement of oxidation processes and the utilization of oxygen). Muscle contraction is one of the stimuli of the respiratory center. When you exercise activates metabolism in muscles, resulting in the blood receives a large number of CO2 and lactic acid has irritating effect on the respiratory center.
In the process dosed training special exercises, coinciding with the breathing phases (movement of the arms, legs, torso), be conditional stimulus of the respiratory centre and reflex cause increasing and deepening breath. Expiratory dyspnea arising on the basis of spasm of the bronchi, can be reduced or completely eliminated with the help of such exercises. The big role is played here nosological reflex that occurs when breathing through the nose. The irritation of the receptors in the upper respiratory tract reflex leads to expansion of the bronchial tubes and a deep breathing.
Under the influence of physical and special breathing exercises improves blood and lymph circulation in the lungs and pleura, which helps to activate them regenerative processes and prevent complications: adhesions, emphysema, abscesses and other
Breathing exercises aimed at maximum expansion of the chest and strengthening the work of the diaphragm, help to resolve and stretch formed adhesions, eliminate pain. Specially selected starting position given the opportunity to improve the drainage function of the lungs that helps remove from bronchial and alveolar pathological content: mucus, pus.
Therapeutic gymnastics, stimulating the Central nervous system, contribute to the transmission of nerve processes in the cerebral cortex of the brain and interaction crust and cortex.
Dosed training leads to improved functional status of patients and mobilization of compensatory physiological mechanisms.
When lung disease observed changes in the activity of the cardiovascular system. Physical exercises are beneficial to the nervous-regulatory mechanisms of the circulatory system and strengthen the heart muscle.