Health food

Health food (synonym diet therapy) is a method of treatment with diets consisting of specially selected and prepared food.
The effect of food on the human body is composed of local action on the organs of digestion and common actions of the products of digestion on the functional state of different organs and systems, as well as on metabolism.
Sour or salty foods cause the enforced division of digestive juices, accelerate the promotion of food through the intestines. Fried and not crushed dishes harder to digest, cause greater allocation of gastric juice, linger longer in the stomach, than the same products in mashed form, steam cooking or boiled in water. Eating mashed cooked food exception salty and sour dishes reduces irritation of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, reduces the secretion of digestive glands, reduces motor activity of the bowel. All this creates conditions of rest to the digestive system and helps eliminate their irritation caused by this or that disease. In other cases, the inclusion in the diet increased amount of raw vegetables and fruits increases mechanical irritation of mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in increased bile secretion and motor function of the intestine.
The change in the quality of food substances, the total amount of food, different ratios between food substances have a significant impact on the nature of metabolic processes, chemical regulation of digestion, and hence on the function of all organs and systems of the person. This is the total effect of food. For example, when eating salt decreases water retention in the tissues and increases its excretion from the body. The increase in the protein content in food provides the body with plenty of material for repair of damaged tissues, etc.
The replacement of water-soluble carbohydrates (sugar, honey) in the diet of patients with diabetes mellitus products containing starch (bread, cereals, vegetables)are slow digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. When food is not observed significant increase of sugar content in blood, which reduces the body's need for insulin, which is produced in the organism of the patient with diabetes mellitus in insufficient quantity.
Along with the therapeutic effects of diets important factor is to ensure the organism with food substances for which demand with most diseases, especially chronic, not less than healthy people, and often even more. Therefore, the vast majority of diets that are assigned for the long term, contains physiological all nutrients except in special cases, abrupt changes in metabolism (e.g., limiting carbohydrates with obesity or restriction of protein in uremia).
Short description of basic diet recommended by the nutrition Institute of the AMS of the USSR for medical institutions:

  • Diet № 1
  • Diet № 2
  • Diet № 4
  • Diet № 5
  • Diet № 8
  • Diet № 9
  • Diet № 10
  • Diet № 11
  • Method of application diets