Treatment of poisoning with poison of karakotov

Pages: 1 2 3

Bites and poisoning with poison of spiders known since ancient times. They were informed Aristotle, Xenophon, Socrates, Celsus, Tikrit and Pliny. In the annals of the middle ages also there is information about the poisoning with poison spiders among the soldiers Liturgische auxiliary troops sent by the king of France Ludwig against the Spaniards. In Russia information about the widow found in the literature of the XVIII and XIX centuries. Much earlier Walkner (1837) S. Gmelin (1785) published their data on the spiders of the genus Latrodectus. On the occurrence of the widow in various provinces of the Russian Empire was reported in 1809, P. S. Pallas, and in 1823 Zwick mentioned poisonous black spider living in the Kalmyk steppes.
First announcement of the widow in Central Asia and Kazakhstan was made by A. P. Fedchenko in 1871, and in 1876 Finch described Lat. tredecemguttatus. This type A. EREM (1895) relates black widow found in Kyrgyzstan. Toxicity bite of the black widow was proved Krynicki (1837) and Century Moczulski (1849).
Details about the bite of the black widow 48 people and the deaths reported Ucke (1870). About distribution of the widow in the European part of Russia and the clinic poisoning reported I. K. Shatilov (1866), and in 1876 P. the Maliyev. In 1881 Kipenii published a review article about the black widow. In 1886 M M Virsky noted fear to Latrodectus the inhabitants of Turkestan, and in 1889 N. Jaworski described cases of poisoning among Russian soldiers. In 1896 in the Syrdarya region and Kazan County bite of the black widow died from 11 394 victims, in Samarkand region - 4 of 24, in the Urals region - 10, in the Kyrgyz and the Kalmykian steppes - more than 100 people. In 1897, B. N. Zasimovich described the deaths of black widow bites.
Details about the toxicity of the widow and the production of specific serum in 1903 said A. S. Shcherbina, and in 1904 it was published a monograph K. N. Rosikova devoted to the study of black widow. Besides the works of E. N. Pavlovsk (1912) and J1. Moritz (1914), until 1926, there were no serious research on this issue (CIT, P. I. Marikovskaya, 1956). Clinic of a poisoning with poison black widow was described in 1926 A. F. Korovnikova, and in 1928-1929 - A. A. Rip, which in 1938 was recommended therapeutic activity by the bite of the black widow. The major contribution to the study of the black widow and morphologically his poison contributed P. I. Marikovsky (1954, 1956).
Despite the frequency of bites and severity of poisoning with poison black widow, for many centuries, has not been given due importance to this topical issue. Errors in the studies known Ukrainian toxicology Coberta (1901) and Manor-Rivas (1942) has resulted in significant cases of poisoning by the venom of the Latrodectus has been questioned, and about the message B. Mochalskogo about the toxicity black widow Kessler (1865) wrote: "it is Very sad if such tales are placed in academic journal, because from there they can go to the guide and popular works" (CIT. by P. I. Marikovskaya, 1956). Certainly this is to some extent an obstacle systematic continuation of this important research.
Not receiving basic medical care, people tried in any way to help relieve the painful condition of the victim, and this led to the fact that he often for months, years and sometimes for life remained ill. So they used a wash with cold water, holding it the bitten limb, imposed on the area of the bite sour milk for the whole day, then 1-2 hours put the bitten limb in flowing water (Brailli, 1866); watered patient koumiss and vodka (Ucke, 1870). In Middle Asia and Kazakhstan blood at the site of the bite sucked sheep, sometimes floating to move teeth (Yu. I. Lebedev, 1869). This method, as reported by P. I. Marikovsky (1956), recently applied in the village of the Chatkal river in Kyrgyzstan, and there is now even make the cuts and suck the blood horn (N. Zealand, 1885). The Kalmyks cauterized bites tube hot iron, smeared them with kerosene or oil, infused with spiders, or vodka with the ashes of the burnt black widow. Sucked the bite of 7 people who were forced to swallow 7 ants, then he undressed and put in the middle of the herd. Kartuzy put on bites the horse manure, and then given to the patient to drink reindeer bile (K. N. Rosikov, 1904).