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Good early anesthesia should be regarded as a deterrent to irritation and depletion of the Central nervous system, which leads to normalization of metabolic processes, improves hemodynamics and immune reactions. With this aim in veterinary practice can be recommended procaine blockade, ganglioblokirtee, sedatives and narcotic drugs.
Burns is most often used of 0.25-0.5%solution novokaina izotonicescom solution of sodium chloride in the form of local and provodnikova anaesthesia, casing blockades and intravenous administration.
Local anesthesia is applied in limited burns. This novocaine imposed not only on the edge of the affected area, but under the ground. Burns in the area of the chest wall blockage intercostal nerves. In these cases, we have obtained a good effect, using 0.5%solution novokaina, containing 10% of rectified alcohol.
When the lesions in the area of the abdominal and groin used paravertebral and paralambano blockade. On every nerve inject 10 ml of 3%solution novokaina.
Good results in these cases, network and application perirenal procaine block. Applies to 0.25%solution novokaina with the addition of penicillin: large animal 300-600 ml (100 ml per 100 kg of body weight) and small animals - 25-10 Jr.
M. C. Nosov indicates the beneficial effect applevalley procaine blockade in horses, burned by the flame. The blockade, according to him, improves clinical and morphological picture of the healing of burns and accelerate the regenerative processes. Apply 1 ml of 0.25%solution of large animal and 3 ml of small animals per kilogram of live weight.
Burns limbs used circular novocaine anesthesia 0.25%solution to which is added penicillin.
With extensive burns of any localization is applied intravenous administration of 0.5%solution novokaina, at the rate of 0.2 g novokaina on 100 kg of live weight.
With local anesthesia, blockade or intravenously novocaine, gradually proceeding from the place of introduction into the blood, has a beneficial effect on the nervous system.
According to A. C. and A. Vishnevsky A. Vishnevsky, novocaine relieves pereraspredelenie nervous system, replacing it with a weak irritation and exciting neurotrophic processes, which leads to the strengthening of compensatory-defensive reactions and stimulation of regenerative processes.
There is no doubt that procaine anesthesia plays a big role in the liberation of the cerebral cortex from the pain pulsation of the lesion. This improves the adaptive function of the cortex, which has a positive effect on the disease process.
A. D. Slonim indicates that even a temporary shutdown of the painful centre can cause General changes of metabolism, improves the pathological process.
So Century. Pravdic-Namenska found that under the influence of procaine blockade increased cholinesterase activity and improve the redox processes, regulated carbohydrate, nitrogen and phosphorous exchange, and notes antihistamine and antitoxic effect. Thus, in the body is supported by favorable course of biochemical and physiological processes.
Studies K. F. Dogaeva and S. I. Itkina proven normalizing effect procaine blockade on the tone of blood vessels and the permeability of capillaries, and this action is expressed most clearly, if used shortly after burn.
Thus, the early application of novocaine in thermal burns is justified and is a reliable antishock tool.