Medicine Mithridates

Not so long ago a book was published by the Danish writer Jorgen the Beach "For the Arabian veil". Its author had a chance to witness the punishment of the thief. He saw how they cut off the hand, encroached on property of others, and as a fresh wound hastily poured... boiling oil.
To say that our contemporary seen medieval method of treatment of wounds. Molten metals, molten tar and boiling oil was the favorite means of treatment even in ancient times. Hippocrates believed hopeless diseases that are not amenable to the fire and white-hot iron, those few disinfectants that medicine had until the nineteenth century.
Surgery of the middle ages did not know of significant transactions. In a society dominated by religious faith in the miraculous deliverance from disease by the will of God and the saints, she did not attach any particular significance. Moreover, the surgeons were unable to stop the blood. Neither astringents or red-hot iron, and boiling oil were not suited for a big surgery.
Perhaps the most common become cleansing, or, as it was called, operatyvumo method of treatment. He corresponded to a pre-Christian view of the disease as a result of the disruption in the balance of fluids in the human body.
The basis for the cleaning method was copious bleeding, increased action vomiting and laxative. Blood flowed freely, because it was considered that this procedure has a positive effect when any disease and helps the soul to cope with it.
XVI century has put before the surgery new problem - how to treat gunshot wounds. Over battlefields has solubilise powder smoke. The bullets penetrated deep into the body. How to retrieve them? What is preferable - to expand whether gunshot channel, deeply probing the wound, or attempt to extract a bullet with drugs? And what medicines? How to explain the high mortality from gunshot wounds, even the lightest?
Questions were more than methods of treatment. Surgeons found gunshot wounds, poisoned and strenuously fought with the action of the poison, in their opinion, penetrating into the organism.
"There can be no doubt that some evil people infect kernel poison, why are often the most light wounds and lead to death", - claimed the German surgeon of the first half of the XVII century Fabrice Kilbanes.
Bullet wound was initially cleared, burned with a hot iron, corrosive substances, repeating painful procedures at each dressing change. Inside the same wounded gave Tiriac.
You unfamiliar with this medicine, and yet he has a curious history. It is a favorite tool of Mithridates VI Eupator king, created by himself. The king lived in the first century BC and rightly feared Palace intrigues and poison, as feared by many leaders before and after him.
Anyway, Mithridates VI practiced medicine, pursuing a specific practical aim is to create an antidote against all known poisons. That's why its the drug had fifty-four constituent parts. Poet laureate shifted recipe for poems and called antidote by the name of its Creator Mithridates.
A hundred years later, the doctor of the Roman Emperor Nero few altered the composition of the medicinal product, calling it Galen. A little later he was again renamed in Tiriac. On this tool and have been assigned special hopes.
States fought, field hospitals were filled with wounded. Boiling oil, Kallis knives surgeons, seriously suffered people, not getting easier in hot prayer of salvation. But once the Ambroise Pare, together with the French army who fought in Northern Italy, suddenly ran out of stock sumbulovo oil...