Medical - evacuation software

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Medical - evacuation support (LAO) - the system implemented during the war activities on rendering of medical aid to affected and sick members of armed forces and the country's population, their treatment and evacuation. During previous wars, including the first world war 1914-1918, LEO was conducted in the interests of the armed forces. Development bomber aircraft, and then and missile weapons which can cause of defeat not only the troops of the army and the population of the territory adjacent to the front line, but the rear areas of the country have stipulated the necessity to conduct LEO also in the interests of the civilian population in General. Therefore, currently, there are LAO forces and LAO population, carried out in the system of civil defence (see below).
Medical-evacuation support is designed to preserve life with subsequent restoration of combat readiness or ability to work in possibly the most part of the affected patients and from among members of the armed forces. Along with sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic software (see), medical supply, the activities of the medical service for the protection of weapons of mass destruction of the enemy (see Protection against weapons of mass destruction) and management medsluzhba LEO is one of the elements of the system honey. support for the troops. LAO troops RAP is relevant forces and means of the medical service of the Armed Forces (see): health stations military units and parts (see Battalion medical center, Regimental medical center); health battalions of military units; individual medical units (M)of various profile and appointment of medical institutions (see General Hospital, military, military-sanitary and transport (see transports).
The history of military medicine suggests the use of two systems LEO: a) system of treatment on the spot",-when the treatment of the affected patients and is near the combat area, and b) evacuation system, when the vast majority of affected patients and were evacuated from the zone of hostilities in the rear.
The use of "treatment in place" due to the desire to provide affected and sick maybe more peace, for which the maximum is limited to the adverse impact of long transportation in the course of lesions and diseases. This system was used in the past and can be applied in the future in cases where a mass evacuation of the affected patients and to the rear under the terms of the situation will be impossible or impractical. Application evacuation system is due to the impossibility because of the unfavorable conditions of combat conditions to organize treatment of a large number of affected patients and close combat area, particularly in situations of maneuvers troops, when the field of the medical institution must move beyond the troops.
In past wars, depending on the situation, in some cases prevailed treatment of the wounded and sick in place, in others their evacuation to the rear. Especially closely intertwined elements of treatment and evacuation system LAO troops in the wars of the 20th century, including the Great Patriotic war 1941-1945 In this period in the medical institutions of the army for treatment prior to returning remained a significant portion of the wounded and sick (lehtoranta and sick). Subject temporary admission also wounded and sick, for which evacuated to the rear was contraindicated because of the severity of their condition (group of so-called nontransportable). To the rear evacuated the wounded and sick who needed a long and difficult treatment or when it was obvious that after recovery they will be unfit for military service.

Fig. 1. Principal scheme of the organization of medical-evacuation support.

The modern system of LAO troops schematically presented in Fig. 1. In the divisions, leading the battle, overthrowed receive first medical aid was rendered in order to themselves and others (see Medical assistance, in the military field conditions)and personal composition of honey. services (nurses, medical orderly) these units. Removal and removal of the affected (see) from the battlefield in the battalion aid station or in a focus of the wounded, called slots, wounded, organizes the medical officer of the battalion, which provides medical aid. Further means of honey. service regiment suffered from the battalion health centres or places of concentration affected evacuated to regimental medical center (see), where they provide first medical aid. The provision of qualified medical service to provide Meds and OMO. At high mobility of troops and mass sanitary losses volume of the first medical and skilled medical care is provided mainly by pressing (life) reasons, and under favorable conditions - in full. All amazed and patients in need of specialized medical care and long-term treatment, subject to evacuation by appointment at the hospital base, in which there are various specialized hospitals.